amir mirzadi gohari

Proteome catalog of Zymoseptoria tritici captured during pathogenesis in wheat. (2015)

Zymoseptoria tritici is an economically important pathogen of wheat. However, the molecular basis of pathogenicity on wheat is still poorly understood. Here, we present a global survey of the proteins... secreted by this fungus in the apoplast of resistant (cv. Shafir) and susceptible (cv. Obelisk) wheat cultivars after inoculation with reference Z. tritici strain IPO323. The fungal proteins present in apoplastic fluids were analyzed by gel electrophoresis and by data-independent acquisition liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS(E)) combined with data-dependent acquisition LC-MS/MS. Subsequent mapping mass spectrometry-derived peptide sequence data against the genome sequence of strain IPO323 identified 665 peptides in the MS(E) and 93 in the LC-MS/MS mode that matched to 85 proteins. The identified fungal proteins, including cell-wall degrading enzymes and proteases, might function in pathogenicity, but the functions of many remain unknown. Most fungal proteins accumulated in cv. Obelisk at the onset of necrotrophy. This inventory provides an excellent basis for future detailed studies on the role of these genes and their encoded proteins during pathogenesis in wheat. Read more
Fungal genetics and biology : FG & B

Esmaeel Azadian

Human RNAi pathway: crosstalk with organelles and cells. (2014)

Understanding gene regulation mechanisms has been a serious challenge in biology. As a novel mechanism, small non-coding RNAs are an alternative means of gene regulation in a specific and efficient ma...nner. There are growing reports on regulatory roles of these RNAs including transcriptional gene silencing/activation and post-transcriptional gene silencing events. Also, there are several known small non-coding RNAs which all work through RNA interference pathway. Interestingly, these small RNAs are secreted from cells toward targeted cells presenting new communication approach in cell-cell or cell-organ signal transduction. In fact, understanding cellular and molecular basis of these pathways will strongly improve developing targeted therapies and potent and specific regulatory tools. This study will review some of the most recent findings in this subject and will introduce a super-pathway RNA interference-based small RNA silencing network. Read more
Functional & integrative genomics

Adnan Kisa

National health system steps in Turkey: concerns of family physician residents in Turkey regarding the proposed national family physician system.

Many countries are currently struggling with the public desire for improved health care and provision of basic services on the one hand, and the rising costs of health care on the other. Turkey is acu...tely experiencing this problem because of its relatively advanced level of economic development and its relatively low level of health status compared to Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and European Union countries. Since 1990, there has been vigorous debate in the Turkish society regarding the best way to improve public health through improved primary health care. The current government is pursuing a proposal that has been mentioned before, but in a more serious effort than has been previously made. This is an approach to primary care based on systems such as those in the United Kingdom and in Germany, and the basic components are family physicians who have a particular list of patients whom they provide care for. Financing of the system is to be provided with a new general health insurance scheme. In this study, 38 family practice residents at the 3 major training hospitals for this specialty completed an investigator-designed questionnaire for the purpose of characterizing their concerns regarding this proposed system of primary health care delivery. The participants responses indicated that the new system, which is known as the Family Physician System, will contribute importantly toward raising the overall level of health in Turkey. Specific expected benefits include closer patient-physician relationships, increased job satisfaction on the part of family physicians, and an overall increase in income for the physicians working in the system. Read more
The health care manager

Reza Salman Yazdi

Urine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in children with urinary tract infection: a possible predictor of acute pyelonephritis. (2009)

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an important pro-inflammatory cytokine expressed at sites of inflammation. We have assessed this factor (MIF) in urinary tract infections with the aim o...f determining a non-invasive and sensitive method to differentiate upper and lower renal involvement. Thirty-three pediatric patients with urinary track infection (25 with acute pyelonephritis, eight with acute cystitis) and 40 healthy subjects were recruited for this prospective case-control study. Pyelonephritis was differentiated from cystitis by dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan. Urinary MIF concentration was determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. The urine MIF/creatinine (Cr) ratio was significantly higher in pyelonephritis patients than in those with acute cystitis and the control group (P < 0.001). The optimal cut-point of 4.90 pg/micromol Cr for the urine MIF/Cr ratio has the potential to be a biomarker for distinguishing patients with acute pyelonephritis from those with acute cystitis. Determination of the urinary MIF was also useful in selecting the patients at risk of permanent renal damage. Of those patients with pyelonephritis, based on the DMSA scan at the time of infection, scarring on follow-up DMSA scan 9-12 months later occurred in patients with the highest urinary MIF/Cr ratios. We conclude that the urine MIF/Cr ratio is a sensitive test for differentiating acute pyelonephritis from acute cystitis and also for detecting children with acute pyelonephritis who are at a higher risk for permanent renal scars in the future. Read more
Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)

Zeinab Takalloo

Artemin protects cells and proteins against oxidative and salt stress. (2017)

Artemin is an abundant thermostable protein in Artemia encysted embryos under environmental stresses. It is confirmed that high regulatory expression of artemin is relevant to stress resistance in thi...s crustacean. Here, the protective role of artemin from Artemia urmiana has been investigated on survival of bacterial cells under salt and oxidative shocks. Also, for continuous monitoring of the effect of artemin in prevention of proteins aggregation/inactivation, co-expression of artemin and luciferase (as an intracellular reporter) in bacterial cells was performed. According to the results, residual activity of luciferase in artemin expressing E. coli cells exposing to different concentrations of H2O2 and NaCl was significantly higher than non-expressing cells. The luciferase activity was rapidly lost in control cells under salt treatments while in co-transformed cells, the activity was considerably retained at higher salt concentrations. Also, analysis from cell viability assays showed that artemin-expressing cells exhibited more resistance to both stress conditions. In the present study, we document for the first time that artemin can protect proteins and bacterial cells against oxidative and salt stress conditions. These results can declare the resistance property of this crustacean against harsh environmental conditions. Read more
International journal of biological macromolecules

rahman hallaj

Immobilization of hemoglobin on electrodeposited cobalt-oxide nanoparticles: direct voltammetry and electrocatalytic activity. (2007)

Cyclic voltammetry at potential range -1.1 to 0.5 V from aqueous buffer solution (pH 7) containing CoCl(2) produced a well defined cobalt oxide (CoOx) nanoparticles deposited on the surface of glassy ...carbon electrode. The morphology of the modified surface and cobalt oxide formation was examined with SEM and cyclic voltammetry techniques. Hemoglobin (Hb) was successfully immobilized in cobalt-oxide nanoparticles modified glassy carbon electrode. Immobilization of hemoglobin onto cobalt oxide nanoparticles have been investigated by cyclic voltammetry and UV-visible spectroscopy. The entrapped protein can take direct electron transfer in cobalt-oxide film. A pair of well defined, quasi-reversible cyclic voltammetric peaks at about -0.08 V vs. SCE (pH 7), characteristic of heme redox couple (Fe(III)/Fe(II)) of hemoglobin, and the response showed surface controlled electrode process. The dependence of formal potential (E(0)) on the solution pH (56 mV pH(-1)) indicated that the direct electron transfer reaction of hemoglobin was a one-electron transfer coupled with a one proton transfer reaction process. The average surface coverage of Hb immobilized on the cobalt oxide nanoparticles was about 5.2536x10(-11) mol cm(-2), indicating high loading ability of nanoparticles for hemoglobin entrapment. The heterogeneous electron transfer rate constant (k(s)) was 1.43 s(-1), indicating great of facilitation of the electron transfer between Hb and electrodeposited cobalt oxide nanoparticles. Modified electrode exhibits a remarkable electrocatalytic activity for the reduction of hydrogen peroxide and oxygen. The Michaels-Menten constant K(m) of 0.38 mM, indicating that the Hb immobilized onto cobalt oxide film retained its peroxidases activity. The biosensor exhibited a fast amperometric response <5 s, a linear response over a wide concentration range 5 microM to 700 microM and a low detection limit 0.5 microM. According to the direct electron transfer property and enhanced activity of Hb in cobalt oxide film, a third generation reagentless biosensor without using any electron transfer mediator or specific reagent can be constructed for determination of hydrogen peroxide in anaerobic solutions. Read more
Biophysical chemistry

MJ Rasaee

A caspase 8-based suicide switch induces apoptosis in nanobody-directed chimeric receptor expressing T cells. (2012)

In accordance with the two-step hypothesis of T cell activation and the observation that stimulation through the T cell receptor (TCR) alone may lead to anergy, we focused on the introduction of co-st...imulatory signaling to this type of receptors to achieve optimal activation. Enhanced mRNA and cell surface receptor expression via the co-stimulatory gene fragment (OX40) was confirmed by RT-PCR and flow cytometry. Inclusion of the OX40 co-stimulatory signaling region in series with the TCR led to enhanced antigen-induced IL-2 production after stimulation by MUC1-expressing cancer cell lines as compared to the chimeric receptor without OX40. Moreover, with the aim of maintaining high efficiency, while providing a means of controlling any possible unwanted proliferation in vivo, a regulation system was used. This controls the dimerization of a membrane-bound caspase 8 protein. Toward that goal, pFKC8 and CAR constructs were co-transfected into Jurkat cells, and the level of apoptosis was measured. 24 h after addition of the dimerizer, a 91% decrease in transfected cells was observed. Read more
International journal of hematology

ali jomehri

Pretreating wheat straw by the concentrated phosphoric acid plus hydrogen peroxide (PHP): Investigations on pretreatment conditions and structure changes. (2016)

Wheat straw was pretreated by PHP (the concentrated H3PO4 plus H2O2) to clarify effects of temperature, time and H3PO4 proportion on hemicellulose removal, delignification, cellulose recovery and enzy...matic digestibility. Overall, hemicellulose removal was intensified by PHP comparing to the concentrated H3PO4. Moreover, efficient delignification specially happened in PHP pretreatment. Hemicellulose removal and delignification by PHP positively responded to temperature and time. Increasing H3PO4 proportion in PHP can promote hemicellulose removal, however, decrease the delignification. Maximum hemicellulose removal and delignification were achieved at 100% and 83.7% by PHP. Enzymatic digestibility of PHP-pretreated wheat straw was greatly improved by increasing temperature, time and H3PO4 proportion, and complete hydrolysis can be achieved consequently. As temperature of 30-40°C, time of 2.0 h and H3PO4 proportion of 60% were employed, more than 92% cellulose was retained in the pretreated wheat straw, and 29.1-32.6g glucose can be harvested from 100g wheat straw. Read more
Bioresource technology

Reza Salman Yazdi

Dietary Vitamin E Is More Effective than Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acid for Improving The Kinematic Characteristics of Rat Sperm.

Although key roles for dietary vitamin E (VITE) and fatty acid (FA) in fertility have been confirmed, limited data are available on the effects of VITE alone, or a constant level of VITE supplemented ...by dietary omega-6 and omega-3 FAs in combination on male reproduction. Consequently in this paper, the effects of VITE, sunflower oil, fish oil and their combination on rat sperm were investigated. Read more
Cell journal

amir mirzadi gohari

FPLC and liquid-chromatography mass spectrometry identify candidate necrosis-inducing proteins from culture filtrates of the fungal wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici. (2015)

Culture filtrates (CFs) of the fungal wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici were assayed for necrosis-inducing activity after infiltration in leaves of various wheat cultivars. Active fractions were par...tially purified and characterized. The necrosis-inducing factors in CFs are proteinaceous, heat stable and their necrosis-inducing activity is temperature and light dependent. The in planta activity of CFs was tested by a time series of proteinase K (PK) co-infiltrations, which was unable to affect activity 30min after CF infiltrations. This suggests that the necrosis inducing proteins (NIPs) are either absent from the apoplast and likely actively transported into mesophyll cells or protected from the protease by association with a receptor. Alternatively, plant cell death signaling pathways might be fully engaged during the first 30min and cannot be reversed even after PK treatment. Further fractionation of the CFs with the highest necrosis-inducing activity involved fast performance liquid chromatography, SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry. This revealed that most of the proteins present in the fractions have not been described before. The two most prominent ZtNIP encoding candidates were heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris and subsequent infiltration assays showed their differential activity in a range of wheat cultivars. Read more
Fungal genetics and biology : FG & B

Fertility Biocenter

Functionality of natural killer cells from end-stage cancer patients exposed to coherent electromagnetic fields. (2011)

The main objective of our study is to investigate whether an enhancement of the immune system in end-stage cancer patients is achieved by exposure to coherent electromagnetic fields. For this reason, ...15 end-stage cancer patients were exposed at low intensity, coherent electromagnetic fields at radiofrequencies ranging from 600 kHz-729 Hz, for 8 h/day, 6 days/week for 4 weeks. NKs number and cytotoxicity of NK T-lymphocytes versus K562 cancer cell line were estimated by flow cytometry, before and after exposure. Data showed that the exposure of the end-stage cancer patients to the coherent electromagnetic fields resulted in a significant increase of the number and the cytotoxicity of the NK T-lymphocytes against cancer cells, in all patients. Exposure to coherent EMFs at radiofrequencies increases the number and cytotoxicity of NK T-lymphocytes, which may contribute to the improvement of cancer patients status. Read more
Electromagnetic biology and medicine

Reza Salman Yazdi

Effect of Ramadan Fasting on Stress Neurohormones in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. (2015)

To determine the effects of Ramadan fasting on serum levels of stress neurohormones in Iranian women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Read more
Journal of family & reproductive health

Milad Bastami

A Bioinformatics Approach to Prioritize Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in TLRs Signaling Pathway Genes. (2016)

It has been suggested that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes involved in Toll-like receptors (TLRs) pathway may exhibit broad effects on function of this network and might contribute to ...a range of human diseases. However, the extent to which these variations affect TLR signaling is not well understood. In this study, we adopted a bioinformatics approach to predict the consequences of SNPs in TLRs network. The consequences of non-synonymous coding SNPs (nsSNPs) were predicted by SIFT, PolyPhen, PANTHER, SNPs&GO, I-Mutant, ConSurf and NetSurf tools. Structural visualization of wild type and mutant protein was performed using the project HOPE and Swiss PDB viewer. The influence of 5-UTR and 3- UTR SNPs were analyzed by appropriate computational approaches. Nineteen nsSNPs in TLRs pathway genes were found to have deleterious consequences as predicted by the combination of different algorithms. Moreover, our results suggested that SNPs located at UTRs of TLRs pathway genes may potentially influence binding of transcription factors or microRNAs. By applying a pathway-based bioinformatics analysis of genetic variations, we provided a prioritized list of potentially deleterious variants. These findings may facilitate the selection of proper variants for future functional and/or association studies. Read more
International journal of molecular and cellular medicine

MJ Rasaee

Radioimmunotherapy of MCF7 breast cancer cell line with 131I-PR81 monoclonal antibody against MUC1: comparison of direct and indirect radioiodination methods. (2010)

PR81 is a monoclonal antibody that binds with high affinity to MUC1, which is over expressed on breast and other tumors. The objective of this study was to compare the two labeling methods (direct and... indirect radioiodination) for application of this antibody against MUC1 as a radioimmunotherapeutical agent.Monoclonal antibody (PR81) against the tandem repeat of the core protein (MUC1) was prepared, characterized, purified, and labeled with 131I using the direct (chloramin-T) and indirect (Fmoc-D-Tyr (tBu)-D-Tyr (tBu)-D-Lys (Boc)-OH (YYK) attached to N-hydroxysuccinimide as a linker between PR81 and 131I) methods. The immunoreactivity of 131I-PR81 and 131I-TP-PR81 complexes with MUC1 (the native protein), BSA-P20 (a 20 amino acid corresponding the tandem repeat of MUC1) and MCF7 cell line were performed by RIA. In vitro stability of 131I-PR81 and 131I-YYK-peptide-PR81 complexes in human serum was determined by thin layer chromatography (TLC). Cell toxicity and in vitro internalization studies were performed with the MCF7 cell line, and the tissue biodistribution of the 131I-PR81 and 131I- YYK-peptide -PR81 complexes was evaluated in normal BALB/c mice at 4, 24 and 48 hrs. The labeling efficiency was determined by measuring the percentage recovery of radioactivity in the final product relative to the initial activity in the shipment vial, was found to be 59.9% +/- 7.9% for direct and 50% +/- 3.2% for indirect methods. 131I-PR81 and 131I- YYK- peptide -PR81 complexes showed high immunoreactivity towards MUC1 protein, BSA-P20 and MCF7 cell line. In vitro stability of the labeled products in human serum which was measured by thin layer chromatography (TLC) was found to be more than 50% over 24 hr for 131I-PR81 and 70% for 131I- YYK-peptide -PR81 complexes. Cell toxicity and in vitro internalization studies showed that the 131I-PR81 and 131I- YYK-peptide -PR81 complexes inhibited 80% growth of the MCF7 cultured cell lines in vitro in a high concentration and up to 40% of the 131I-PR81 and 60% of the 131I- YYK-peptide -PR81 complexes internalized after 24 h. Biodistribution studies were performed in normal BALB/c mice at 4, 24 and 48 hrs post-injection. Thyroid and stomach levels from PR81 labeled with 131I- YYK-peptide were two- to three- fold less than those with directly labeled 131I-PR81, suggesting low recognition of its D-iodotyrosine residue by endogenous deiodinase. These results show that the indirect labeling was better than the indirect labeling and 131I- YYK-peptide -PR81 may be considered as a promising candidate for therapy of breast cancer. Read more
Human antibodies

Mohammad Najafi

Neonatal thyroid screening in a mild iodine deficiency endemic area in Iran. (2008)

Evaluated serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), as an early index for diagnosis of neonatal hypothyroidism, indicates insufficient supply of thyroid hormones. Read more
Indian journal of medical sciences

Reza Salman Yazdi

Prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum in semen of infertile and healthy men. (2009)

Ureaplasma urealyticum is a causative agent of non-gonococcal urethritis and is implicated in the pathogenesis of prostatitis, epididymitis and infertility. The organism is more common in partners of ...infertile than fertile marriages. U. urealyticum infections not only jeopardize fertility but also pose a risk for infertility treatment and resulting pregnancies. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of U. urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum in semen of infertile and healthy men by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Semen samples were obtained from infertile patients and healthy controls and were subjected to the routine andrological analysis and PCR. DNA was extracted by the Cadieux method, and analysed by PCR protocol with specific primers for urease and multiple-banded antigen genes. Ureaplasmas were detected significantly by PCR in 12 of 100 (12%) semen specimens from infertile patients and in three of 100 (3%) healthy men. The volume of semen fluid, concentration of sperm cells, and sperm cell with normal morphology were significantly decreased in infertile men. In the group of infertile patients with PCR positive for Ureaplasmas, the volume, count and morphology of semen samples were lower than in the infertile patients with PCR-negative results. U. urealyticum species in semen of infertile men was found to be high (9%) than in healthy controls (1%). Detection rate for U. parvum was 3% in the infertile group and 2% in healthy men. The results indicate that U. urealyticum species is more common in specimens of infertile men. The percentage of normal sperm cells, the volume of semen and the percentage of sperm cells with motility in the PCR positive for U. urealyticum species group were lower than in the PCR positive for U. parvum group. Read more
International journal of STD & AIDS

rahman hallaj

Simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid, uric acid and neurotransmitters with a carbon ceramic electrode prepared by sol-gel technique. (2006)

A sol-gel carbon composite electrode (CCE) has been prepared by mixing a sol-gel precursor (e.g. methyltrimethoxysilane) and carbon powder without adding any electron transfer mediator or specific rea...gents. It was demonstrated that this sensor can be used for simultaneous determination ascorbic acid, neurotransmitters (dopamine and adrenaline) and uric acid. Direct electrochemical oxidation of ascorbic acid, uric acid and catecholamines at a carbon composite electrode was investigated. The experimental results were compared with other common carbon based electrodes, specifically, boron doped diamond, glassy carbon, graphite and carbon paste electrodes. It was found that the CCE shows a significantly higher of reversibility for dopamine. In addition, in comparison to the other electrodes used, for CCE the oxidation peaks of uric acid, ascorbic acid and catecholamines in cyclic and square wave voltammetry were well resolved at the low positive potential with good sensitivity. The advantages of this sensor were high sensitivity, inherent stability and simplicity and ability for simultaneous determination of uric acid, catecholamines and ascorbic acid without using any chromatography or separation systems. The analytical performance of this sensor has been evaluated for detection of biological molecules in urine and serum as real samples. Read more
Talanta

MJ Rasaee

Essential strategies to optimize asymmetric PCR conditions as a reliable method to generate large amount of ssDNA aptamers. (2016)

Asymmetric PCR, a simple method to generate single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) aptamers in systematic evaluation of ligand by exponential enrichments rounds, is coupled with limitations. We investigated the ...essential strategies for optimization of conditions to perform a high-quality asymmetric PCR. Final concentrations of primers and template, the number of PCR cycles, and annealing temperature were selected as optimizing variables. The qualities of visualized PCR products were analyzed by ImageJ software. The highest proportion of interested DNA than unwanted products was considered as optimum conditions. Results revealed that the best values for primers ratio, final template concentration, annealing temperature, and PCR cycles were, respectively, 30:1, 1 ng/μL, 55 °C, and 20 cycles for the first and 50:1, 2 ng/μL, 59 °C, and 20 cycles for other rounds. No significant difference was found between optimized asymmetric PCR results in the rounds of two to eight (P > 0.05). The ssDNA quality in round 10 was significantly better than other rounds (P < 0.05). Generally, the ssDNA product with less dimers, double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), and smear are preferable. The dsDNA contamination is the worst, because it can act as antidote and inhibits aptameric performance. Therefore, to choose the best conditions, the lower amount of dsDNA is more important than other unwanted products. Read more
Biotechnology and applied biochemistry

MJ Rasaee

Opium induces apoptosis in jurkat cells.

The direct effect of some opioids on immune cells has been demonstrated. The aim of this study was to assess the apoptotic effect of opium on Jurkat T lymphocyte cells. Read more
Addiction & health

MJ Rasaee

Targeted delivery of doxorubicin into tumor cells by nanostructured lipid carriers conjugated to anti-EGFRvIII monoclonal antibody. (2017)

Epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) is the most common variant of the EGF receptor in many human tumors. This variant is tumor specific and highly immunogenic, thus, it can be used... as a target for targeted drug delivery toward tumor cells. The major aim of this study was to develop an EGFRvIII-mediated drug delivery system by anti-EGFRvIII monoclonal antibody (MAb) conjugated to doxorubicin (Dox)-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) to enhance the targeting specificity and cytotoxic effect of Dox on EGFRvIII-overexpressing cell line. In our study, Dox was chosen as a hydrophobic cytotoxic drug and drug-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (Dox-NLC) was prepared by solvent emulsification/evaporation method. In order to conjugate anti-EGFRvIII MAb to Dox-NLC, DSPE-PEG2000-NHS (1,2-distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine-polyethylene glycol 2000-NHS) was used as a linker. Physicochemical characteristics of antibody conjugated Dox-NLC (MAb-Dox-NLC), including particle size, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency and in vitro Dox release were investigated. Cytotoxicity of MAb-Dox-NLC against NIH-3T3 and HC2 20d2/c (EGFRvIII-transfected NIH-3T3) cell lines was evaluated. The MAb-Dox-NLC appeared to enhance the cytotoxic activity of targeted NLC against HC2 20d2/c cells. The cellular uptake percentage of targeted NLC by HC2 20d2/c cells was higher than that of NIH-3T3 cells, indicating that EGFRvIII can specifically target HC2 20d2/c cells. In conclusion, anti-EGFRvIII MAb-targeted NLC may be considered as an effective nanocarrier for targeted drug delivery. Read more
Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology

Reza Salman Yazdi

New single nucleotide polymorphism G5508A in the SEPT12 gene may be associated with idiopathic male infertility in Iranian men. (2015)

Male infertility is a multifactorial disorder, which affects approximately 10% of couples at childbearing age with substantial clinical and social impact. Genetic factors are associated with the susce...ptibility to spermatogenic impairment in humans. Recently, SEPT12 is reported as a critical gene for spermatogenesis. This gene encodes a testis specific member of Septin proteins, a family of polymerizing GTP-binding proteins. SEPT12 in association with other Septins is an essential annulus component in mature sperm. So, it is hypothesized that genetic alterations of SEPT12 may be concerned in male infertility. Read more
Iranian journal of reproductive medicine

MJ Rasaee

Epitope mapping of PR81 anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody following PEPSCAN and phage display techniques. (2007)

PR81 is an anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody (MAb) which was generated against human MUC1 mucin that reacted with breast cancerous tissue, MUC1 positive cell line (MCF-7, BT-20, and T-4 7 D), and syntheti...c peptide, including the tandem repeat sequence of MUC1. Here we characterized the binding properties of PR81 against the tandem repeat of MUC1 by two different epitope mapping techniques, namely, PEPSCAN and phage display. Epitope mapping of PR81 MAb by PEPSCAN revealed a minimal consensus binding sequence, PDTRP, which is found on MUC1 peptide as the most important epitope. Using the phage display peptide library, we identified the motif PD(T/S/G)RP as an epitope and the motif AVGLSPDGSRGV as a mimotope recognized by PR81. Results of these two methods showed that the two residues, arginine and aspartic acid, have important roles in antibody binding and threonine can be substituted by either glycine or serine. These results may be of importance in tailor making antigens used in immunoassay. Read more
Hybridoma (2005)

MJ Rasaee

Retroviral transduction of fluonanobody and the variable domain of camelid heavy-chain antibodies to chicken embryonic cells. (2013)

Single domain antibodies from camel heavy chain antibodies (VHH or nanobody), are advantages due to higher solubility, stability, high homology with human antibody, lower immunogenicity and low molecu...lar weight. These criteria make them candidates for production of engineered antibody fragments particularly in transgenic animals. Read more
Iranian journal of immunology : IJI

Ammar Mohseni

Evolutionary conservation of EF-hand ΙΙ loop in aequorin: Priority of intensity to decay rate in bioluminescence emission. (2017)

As a Ca(2+)-regulated photoprotein, aequorin (Aeq) contains four EF-hand motifs, the second one lacks the standard sequence for Ca(2+) coordination and doesnt bind to Ca(2+). Here, we replaced this lo...op with a functional loop. According to structural studies, although the global stability of modified aequorin (4EFAeq) is higher than that of Aeq; increasing the local flexibility accompanied by internal structural rearrangements in 4EFAeq result in its penetrability to urea and acrylamide. A fast decay rate was observed for 4EFAeq. Assuming the presence of intermediate states in the luminescent reaction, this observation indicate that the loop replacement leads to the lowering of the half-life of intermediate states which results in increasing the rate of conformational switching of 4EFAeq to light emitting form. However, considerable reduction in initial luminescence intensity of 4EFAeq suggests that the number of functional complexes is reduced. Our findings demonstrate that the conformational effects of the second loop in Aeq elicit a delicate balance between local flexibility and global stability which may be considered as an important functional parameter in photoproteins. It was also concluded that evolutionary conservation of EF-hand ΙΙ in the current form is a consequence of priority of intensity to decay rate in bioluminescent organisms. Read more
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics

Mohammad Najafi

HGDB: A web retrieving cardiovascular-associated gene data. (2017)

The use of data obtained from high throughput techniques in genetics studies is an essential subject in biology. The system approaches of networking and enriching may improve the data management. Here..., we annotated the molecular features for cardiovascular-associated genes and presented the HGDB search-based database (www.hgdb.ir). Read more
International journal of cardiology

MJ Rasaee

Influence of different combinations of antibodies and penicillinase-labeled testosterone derivatives on sensitivity and specificity of immunoassays. (1992)

Three antisera raised against bovine serum albumin (BSA) conjugates of testosterone-3-(O-carboxy-methyl)-oxime (T-3-CMO), 11 beta-hydroxytestosterone-11-carboxymethyl ether (T-11 beta-O-CME) and 19-hy...droxytestosterone-19-carboxymethyl-ether (T-19-O-CME) were evaluated in enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) in combinations with penicillinase-labeled T-3-CMO, T-11 beta-O-CME, T-19-O-CME, and testosterone-17 beta-hemisuccinate (T-17 beta-HS) for their influence on the sensitivity and specificity of EIAs. Of the various combinations, anti-T-3-CMO antiserum along with T-11 beta-O-CME-penicillinase showed no cross-reaction with any of the closely related steroids, although the same antibody had 21.6% binding to 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (5 alpha-DHT) in radioimmunoassay. All the homologous combinations appeared to be less sensitive due to their low affinity for testosterone. It was also apparent that of all the heterologous systems tested, only two combinations, (a) anti-T-19-O-CME antiserum and T-3-CMO-penicillinase and (b) anti-T-3-CMO antiserum and T-11 beta-O-CME-penicillinase, were found to be more sensitive. The former was less specific; it showed 70% cross-reaction with 5 alpha-DHT. The ability of testosterone to displace the hapten-enzyme conjugate and the specificity of the assay appear to depend on the position of the enzyme label on the steroid molecule as well as on the availability of antigenic sites in particular combinations of antibody and hapten-enzyme conjugates. Read more
Steroids

amir mirzadi gohari

Horizontal gene and chromosome transfer in plant pathogenic fungi affecting host range. (2011)

Plant pathogenic fungi adapt quickly to changing environments including overcoming plant disease resistance genes. This is usually achieved by mutations in single effector genes of the pathogens, enab...ling them to avoid recognition by the host plant. In addition, horizontal gene transfer (HGT) and horizontal chromosome transfer (HCT) provide a means for pathogens to broaden their host range. Recently, several reports have appeared in the literature on HGT, HCT and hybridization between plant pathogenic fungi that affect their host range, including species of Stagonospora/Pyrenophora, Fusarium and Alternaria. Evidence is given that HGT of the ToxA gene from Stagonospora nodorum to Pyrenophora tritici-repentis enabled the latter fungus to cause a serious disease in wheat. A nonpathogenic Fusarium species can become pathogenic on tomato by HCT of a pathogenicity chromosome from Fusarium oxysporum f.sp lycopersici, a well-known pathogen of tomato. Similarly, Alternaria species can broaden their host range by HCT of a single chromosome carrying a cluster of genes encoding host-specific toxins that enabled them to become pathogenic on new hosts such as apple, Japanese pear, strawberry and tomato, respectively. The mechanisms HGT and HCT and their impact on potential emergence of fungal plant pathogens adapted to new host plants will be discussed. Read more
FEMS microbiology reviews

Ammar Mohseni

QM/MM simulations provide insight into the mechanism of bioluminescence triggering in ctenophore photoproteins. (2017)

Photoproteins are responsible for light emission in a variety of marine ctenophores and coelenterates. The mechanism of light emission in both families occurs via the same reaction. However, the arran...gement of amino acid residues surrounding the chromophore, and the catalytic mechanism of light emission is unknown for the ctenophore photoproteins. In this study, we used quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) and site-directed mutagenesis studies to investigate the details of the catalytic mechanism in berovin, a member of the ctenophore family. In the absence of a crystal structure of the berovin-substrate complex, molecular docking was used to determine the binding mode of the protonated (2-hydroperoxy) and deprotonated (2-peroxy anion) forms of the substrate to berovin. A total of 13 mutants predicted to surround the binding site were targeted by site-directed mutagenesis which revealed their relative importance in substrate binding and catalysis. Molecular dynamics simulations and MM-PBSA (Molecular Mechanics Poisson-Boltzmann/surface area) calculations showed that electrostatic and polar solvation energy are +115.65 and -100.42 kcal/mol in the deprotonated form, respectively. QM/MM calculations and pKa analysis revealed the deprotonated form of substrate is unstable due to the generation of a dioxetane intermediate caused by nucleophilic attack of the substrate peroxy anion at its C3 position. This work also revealed that a hydrogen bonding network formed by a D158- R41-Y204 triad could be responsible for shuttling the proton from the 2- hydroperoxy group of the substrate to bulk solvent. Read more
PloS one

MJ Rasaee

The effect of preseason training on mucosal immunity in male basketball players. (2011)

This study examined the effects of pre season training on restring level and acute response of mucosal immunity in male basketball players. Read more
The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness

rahman hallaj

Immobilization of glucose oxidase onto a novel platform based on modified TiO2 and graphene oxide, direct electrochemistry, catalytic and photocatalytic activity. (2017)

In this work a new organic-inorganic nanocomposite has been introduced for enzyme immobilization. The composite consisting of graphene oxide (GO) and titanium oxide nanoparticles (TiO2) modified with ...2, 2-dithioxo-3, 3-bis (3-(triethoxysilyl) propyl)-2H, 2H-[5, 5-bithiazolylidene]-4, 4(3H, 3H)-dione as Organic-Inorganic Supporting Ligand (OISL). The OISL was covalently attached to TiO2 nanoparticles and employed for obtaining a suitable solid surface to enzyme attachment. The glucose oxidase (GOD) was irreversibly loaded on the GC/GO/TiO2-OISL using consecutive cyclic voltammetry. The enzyme immobilization and the enzymatic activity were determined by electrochemical methods. The cyclic voltammogram displayed a pair of well-defined and nearly symmetric redox peaks with a formal potential of -0.465V and an apparent electron transfer rate constant of 1.74s(-1). The GO/TiO2-OISL can catalyze the electroreduction and electrooxidation of hydrogen peroxide. The GC/GO/TiO2-OISL/GOD electrode was used in the hydrogen peroxide determination. The fabricated nanobiocomposite shows dramatic photoelectrocatalytic activity which evaluated by studying the electrocatalytic activity of the fabricated electrode toward hydrogen peroxide in darkness and in the presences of light. Read more
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications

Reza Salman Yazdi

Evaluation of conventional semen parameters, intracellular reactive oxygen species, DNA fragmentation and dysfunction of mitochondrial membrane potential after semen preparation techniques: a flow cytometric study. (2014)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the conventional sperm parameters, level of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), DNA fragmentation (DF) and dysfunction of mitochondrial membrane potentia...l (MMP) after semen preparation techniques with flow cytometry. Read more
Archives of gynecology and obstetrics

MJ Rasaee

Radiosensitization effect of folate-conjugated gold nanoparticles on HeLa cancer cells under orthovoltage superficial radiotherapy techniques. (2014)

Due to the high atomic number of gold nanoparticles (GNPs), they are known as new radiosensitizer agents for enhancing the efficiency of superficial radiotherapy techniques by increasing the dose abso...rbed in tumor cells wherein they can be accumulated selectively. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of various common low energy levels of orthovoltage x-rays and megavoltage γ-rays (Co-60) on enhancing the therapeutic efficiency of HeLa cancer cells in the presence of conjugated folate and non-conjugated (pegylated) GNPs. To achieve this, GNPs with an average diameter of 52 nm were synthesized and conjugated to folic acid molecules. Pegylated GNPs with an average diameter of 47 nm were also synthesized and used as non-conjugated folate GNPs. Cytotoxicity assay of the synthesized folate-conjugated and pegylated GNPs was performed using different levels of nanoparticle concentration incubated with HeLa cells for 24 h. The radiosensitizing effect of both the conjugated and pegylated GNPs on the cells at a concentration of 50 µM was compared using MTT as well as clonogenic assays after exposing them to 2 Gy ionizing radiation produced by an orthovoltage x-ray machine at four different kVps and γ-rays of a Co-60 unit. Significant differences were noted among various irradiated groups with and without the folate conjugation, with an average dose enhancement factor (DEF) of 1.64 ± 0.05 and 1.35 ± 0.05 for the folate-conjugated and pegylated GNPs, respectively. The maximum DEF was obtained with the 180 kVp x-ray beam for both of the GNPs. Folate-conjugated GNPs can significantly enhance the cell killing potential of orthovoltage x-ray energies (especially at 180 kVp) in folate receptor-expressing cancer cells, such as HeLa, in superficial radiotherapy techniques. Read more
Physics in medicine and biology

MJ Rasaee

Selection of specific inhibitor peptides in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of cardiac troponin I using immuno-dominant epitopes as competitor. (2017)

Human cardiac troponin I (cTni) is the gold marker for early diagnosis of myocardial infarction. In this regard, four immune-dominant epitopes of cTni were predicted and their 3D structures were deter...mined. Thereafter, the competitive performance of the peptides was monitored with the developed polyclonal antibody-based indirect competitive ELISA; a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 0.49 (µg/mL) and detection limit of 0.037 (µg/mL) were achieved for recombinant cTni. The competitive ELISA determined sensitivity levels of 0.306, 0.141, 0.960, and 0.155 (µg/mL), respectively, for each peptide as competitor. We indicated that two of the selected epitopes have significant sensitivity scales and inhibition ability. Read more
Journal of immunoassay & immunochemistry

rahman hallaj

Catalytic oxidation of thiols at preheated glassy carbon electrode modified with abrasive immobilization of multiwall carbon nanotubes: applications to amperometric detection of thiocytosine, l-cysteine and glutathione. (2005)

The performance of preheated glassy carbon electrode modified with carbon nanotubes is described. First glassy carbon electrode is heated for 5min at 50 degrees C, then abrasive immobilization of mult...iwall carbon nanotubes on a preheated glassy carbon electrode was achieved by gentle rubbing of electrode surface on a filter paper supporting carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs)-modified glassy carbon electrodes exhibit strong and stable electrocatalytic response toward thiols oxidation in wide pH range. These properties permit an important decrease in over voltage for the oxidation of thiocytosine, glutathione and l-cysteine, as well as a dramatic increase in the peak currents in comparison with bare glassy carbon electrode. Furthermore, the thiols amperometric response of the coated electrodes is extremely stable, with more than 95% of the initial activity after 30min stirring of 0.1mM thiols. The electrocatalytic behavior is further exploited as a sensitive detection scheme for thiols detection by hydrodynamic amperometry. The substantial decrease in the overvoltage of the thiols oxidation associated with a stable amperometric response and antifouling properties of nanotubes films allow the development of highly sensitive thiols sensor without using any redox mediator. Such ability of carbon nanotubes to promote the thiols electron transfer reaction, short response time (5s) and long-term stability, low detection limit, extended linear concentration range, high sensitivity suggest great promise for thiols amperometric sensors and detector for chromatographic analysis of thiol derivatives. Read more
Talanta

MJ Rasaee

Attachment of an anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody to 5-FU loaded BSA nanoparticles for active targeting of breast cancer cells. (2012)

With PR81 as a murine monoclonal antibody (mAb) that was prepared against the human breast cancer, the MUC1 receptor specific targeting is possible. In this study, PR81-conjugated bovine serum albumin... (BSA) nanoparticles loaded with anticancer drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) were developed. Enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) results showed high immunoreactivity of PR81 mAb conjugated to nanoparticles towards MUC1 related peptide or native cancerous MUC1 and almost no cross-reaction to non-specific proteins. In vitro experiments were performed to determine the ability of this new drug delivery system on overcoming MCF-7 breast cancer cells in comparison with four other systems. The results revealed that these cell-type specific drug loaded nanoparticles could achieve more cell death as compared to when the 5-FU was used with no carriers. Stability studies of produced drug delivery system proved high immunoreactivity of conjugated PR81 even after 11 days of storage in room temperature. Read more
Human antibodies

MJ Rasaee

Eliciting an antibody response against a recombinant TSH containing fusion protein. (2016)

Designing novel antigens to rise specific antibodies for Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) detection is of great significance. A novel fusion protein consisting of the C termini sequence of TSH beta s...ubunit and a fusion sequence was designed and produced for rabbit immunization. Thereafter, the produced antibodies were purified and characterized for TSH detection. Our results indicate that the produced antibody is capable of sensitive and specific detection of TSH with low cross reactivity. This study underscores the applicability of designed fusion protein for specific and sensitive polyclonal antibody production and the importance of selecting an amenable region of the TSH for immunization. Read more
Journal of immunoassay & immunochemistry

MohammadReza Alivand

Qualitative analysis of Adenomatous Polyposis Coli promoter: hypermethylation, engagement and effects on survival of patients with esophageal cancer in a high risk region of the world, a potential molecular marker. (2009)

Squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus (SCCE) occurs at a high incidence rate in certain parts of the world. This feature necessitates that different aspects of the disease and in particular genetic cha...racteristics be investigated in such regions. In addition, such investigations might lead to achievement of molecular markers helpful for early detection, successful treatment and follow up of the disease. Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) promoter hypermethylation has been shown to be a suitable marker for both serum and solid tumors of adenocarcinoma of esophagus. We investigated the status of APC promoter hypermethylation in Iranian patients, compared the results with the former studies, and evaluated its applicability as a candidate molecular marker by examining association between survival of SCCE patients and APC promoter methylation. Read more
BMC cancer

Reza Salman Yazdi

Effect of 830-nm diode laser irradiation on human sperm motility. (2014)

Sperm motility is known as an effective parameter in male fertility, and it depends on energy consumption. Low-level laser irradiation could increase energy supply to the cell by producing adenosine t...riphosphate. The purpose of this study is to evaluate how the low-level laser irradiation affects the human sperm motility. Fresh human semen specimens of asthenospermic patients were divided into four equal portions and irradiated by 830-nm GaAlAs laser irradiation with varying doses as: 0 (control), 4, 6 and 10 J/cm(2). At the times of 0, 30, 45 and 60 min following irradiation, sperm motilities are assessed by means of computer-aided sperm analysis in all samples. Two additional tests [HOS and sperm chromatin dispersion (SCD) tests] were also performed on the control and high irradiated groups as well. Sperm motility of the control groups significantly decreased after 30, 45 and 60 min of irradiation, while those of irradiated groups remained constant or slightly increased by passing of time. Significant increases have been observed in doses of 4 and 6 J/cm(2) at the times of 60 and 45 min, respectively. SCD test also revealed a non-significant difference. Our results showed that irradiating human sperms with low-level 830-nm diode laser can improve their progressive motility depending on both laser density and post-exposure time. Read more
Lasers in medical science

rahman hallaj

A highly sensitive prostate-specific antigen immunosensor based on gold nanoparticles/PAMAM dendrimer loaded on MWCNTS/chitosan/ionic liquid nanocomposite. (2014)

We have developed a sensitive electrochemical immunosensor for the detection of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), based on covalently immobilizing of anti-PSA and redox mediator (thionine) onto gold na...noparticles-incorporated polyamidoamine dendrimer (AuNPs-PAMAM) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes/ionic liquid/chitosan nanocomposite (MWCNTs/IL/Chit) as the support platform. The MWCNTs/IL/Chit nanocomposite and synthesized AuNPs were characterized using SEM and TEM microscopy techniques. Greatly amplified immunoassay was established by sandwiching the antigen between anti-PSA immobilized on the MWCNTs/IL/Chit/AuNPs-PAMAM interface and anti-PSA labeled with horseradish peroxidase (HRP-labeled anti-PSA) as secondary antibody. Phtaloyl chloride (Ph) was used as linking agent for the subsequent immobilization of AuNPs-PAMAM onto platform and anti-PSA antibody and thionine onto AuNPs-PAMAM dendrimer. The increased electrocatalytic reduction of H2O2 by HRP was monitored by differential pulse voltammetry technique. Under optimized condition the calibration curve for PSA concentration was linear up to 80 ng ml(-1) with detection limit (signal-to-noise ratio of 3) of 1 pg ml(-1). AuNPs-PAMAM dendrimer as platform not only increased the amount of thionine and PSA antibody but also the electron transfer process accelerated by encapsulated AuNPs. Moreover, the proposed PSA immunosensor exhibited excellent stability and reproducibility. Accurate detection of PSA in human serum samples was demonstrated by comparison to standard ELISA assays. In addition, impedance technique was used as simple, rapid, low cost label free analytical method for PSA measurement with detection limit of 0.5 ng ml(-1) at concentration range up to 25 ng ml(-1). The results indicate that the present protocol is quite promising in developing other electrochemical immunosensors. Read more
Biosensors & bioelectronics

Vahid Asgary

Novel imatinib-loaded silver nanoparticles for enhanced apoptosis of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. (2016)

In the current study, in vitro biological feature of imatinib-loaded silver nanoparticles (IMAB-AgNPs) on human breast cancer cell line was investigated. The formation of synthesized silver nanopartic...les (AgNPs) was characterized by UV-Visible spectroscopy, EDS, TEM imaging, SEM, FTIR, DLS and Zeta potentiometer. The developed IMAB-AgNPs with maximum percentage of loading efficiency was demonstrated in the average of 130 nm and mostly spherical. Additionally, in vitro drug release study showed a slow and continuous release of imatinib over a period of 80 h. We demonstrated that the synthesized IMAB-AgNPs exhibited a dose-dependent cytotoxicity against MCF-7 cell line. Then, real-time PCR method was also applied for the investigation of Bax and Bcl-2 gene expression in the cells. Comparing IMAB-AgNPs to AgNPs and Imatinib revealed the ability of IMAB-AgNPs to up-regulating Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. An induction of apoptosis was evidenced by Annexin-V/PI detection assay. Based on the current obtained data, the IMAB-AgNPs can exhibit inhibitory effect on viability through up regulation of apoptosis in MCF-7 cancer cells, which provides influencing evidence for the green synthesized AgNPs as a promising sustained drug delivery system. Read more
Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology

Vahid Asgary

Green synthesis and evaluation of silver nanoparticles as adjuvant in rabies veterinary vaccine. (2016)

Green synthesis of nanoparticles by plant extracts plays a significant role in different applications. Recently, several studies were conducted on the use of nanoparticles as adjuvant. The main aim of... this study was to evaluate green synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as adjuvant in rabies veterinary vaccine and compare the results with the existing commercially available alum adjuvant. Read more
International journal of nanomedicine

Adnan Kisa

The pharmaceutical sales rep/physician relationship in Turkey: ethical issues in an international context. (2004)

In many developed countries, the physician/pharmaceutical sales representative relationship has increasingly become the focus of ethical questions. Given this context, the purpose of the present study... was to determine the ethical dilemmas faced by pharmaceutical sales representatives in Turkey in their relations with physicians, and to identify possible solutions. Through an investigator-designed questionnaire, the ethical problems perceived by 215 pharmaceutical sales representatives were quantitatively analyzed. Nearly all of the participants (96.7%) reported that they had faced ethical dilemmas in marketing drugs to physicians. The most commonly reported problems included paramedical requests (for free lab test kits, etc.) and the necessity of bargaining with physicians over the use of their firms drugs by offering gifts and sponsorships. The participants in the study felt that physicians were the primary source of ethical problems in the marketing of drugs, and the participants most highly ranked potential solution to these ethical problems was a better understanding, on the part of physicians, of the role of pharmaceutical sales representatives. At the end of this study, suggestions are given with a view to helping health policy makers understand and address the current controversies involving drug company representatives and physicians. Read more
Health marketing quarterly

MJ Rasaee

The effect of exercise mode and intensity of sub-maximal physical activities on salivary testosterone to cortisol ratio and α-amylase in young active males.

We examined the effect of exercise intensity and mode on the acute responses of free testosterone to cortisol ratio and salivary α-amylase. We also evaluated the relationship between cortisol and sali...vary α-amylase. Ten healthy young active males participated voluntarily in this study in six single sessions. They exercised on a cycle ergo meter, treadmill, and elliptical instrument at intensities of 70% and 85% maximum heart rate for 25 minutes. Saliva samples were collected 5 minutes before and 5 minutes after each exercise session. No significant changes were observed for cortisol. Free testosterone to cortisol ratio increased during each exercise session (F5, 45=3.15, P=0.02). However, these changes are only significant after exercise on the treadmill at 70% maximum heart rate (t=2.94, P=0.02) and 85% maximum heart rate (t=0.53, P=0.03). Salivary α-amylase significantly varied among exercise sessions (F5, 45=3.97, P=0.005), and a significant decline was observed after exercise on the elliptical instrument (t=2.38, P=0.04) and treadmill (t=3.55, P=0.006) at 85% maximum heart rate. We found that the free testosterone to cortisol ratio is dependent on the exercise mode, while the salivary α-amylase response is dependent on the intensity of exercise. The increase of free testosterone to cortisol ratio in this study may indicate lower physiological stress in response to performing these exercises. Applying muscular strength with moderate intensity weight-bearing exercises possibly activates the anabolic pathways. Although the cortisol and salivary α-amylase responses were opposite in the majority of the exercise sessions, no significant inverse relationship was observed. Read more
International journal of exercise science

MJ Rasaee

Production of Recombinant Human scFv Against Tetanus Toxin Heavy Chain by Phage Display Technology. (2015)

Tetanus, as a major cause of death in developing countries, is caused by tetanus neurotoxin. Recombinant antibodies against tetanus neurotoxin can be useful in tetanus management. Phage display of ant...ibody fragments from immune human antibody libraries with single chain constructs combining the variable fragments (scFv) has been one of the most prominent technologies in antibody engineering. The aim of this study was the generation of a single chain fragment of variable region (scFv) library and selection of specific antibodies with high affinity against tetanus toxin. Immune human single chain fragment variable (HuscFv) antibody phagemid library was displayed on pIII of filamentous bacteriophage. Selection of scFv clones was performed against tetanus toxin antigens after three rounds of panning. The selected scFv clones were analyzed for inhibition of tetanus toxin binding to ganglioside GT1b. After the third round of panning, over 35 HuscFv phages specific for tetanus toxin were isolated from this library of which 15 clones were found to bind specifically to tetanus toxin. The selected HuscFv phages expressed as a soluble HuscFv peptide and some clones showed positive signals against tetanus toxin. We found that six HuscFv clones inhibit toxin binding to ganglioside GT1b. These selected antibodies can be used in the management of tetanus. Read more
Monoclonal antibodies in immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy

MJ Rasaee

Preparation and characterization of monoclonal antibody against melatonin. (2008)

Anti-melatonin monoclonal antibodies (MAb) were prepared following coupling melatonin to bovine serum albumin (BSA) by Mannich reaction. Balb/c mice were immunized via injection of the melatonin-BSA i...ntraperitonally. The spleen cells producing high titer of antibody were fused with myeloma cells of SP2/0 origin. After two limiting dilutions, two stable clones (AS-H10 and AS-D26) exhibiting best properties were selected for further studies. The class and subclass of two MAbs were found to be IgG(1) and IgG(2a) with lambda and kappa light chains, respectively. Antibodies secreted by these two clones showed high affinity of about 10(9)M(1). Study of the specificity criteria showed that these clones had no cross reactivity with indolic, aromatic, and imidazole ring-containing compounds, and had high specificity towards melatonin. The calibration curve was constructed with a sensitivity range of 10 ng/mL to 10 microg/mL. In conclusion, these MAbs may be useful for immunoassay of melatonin. Read more
Hybridoma (2005)

Reza Salman Yazdi

Generation of human induced pluripotent stem cells from a Bombay individual: moving towards universal-donor red blood cells. (2010)

Bombay phenotype is one of the rare phenotypes in the ABO blood group system that fails to express ABH antigens on red blood cells. Nonsense or missense mutations in fucosyltransfrase1 (FUT1) and fuco...syltransfrase2 (FUT2) genes are known to create this phenotype. This blood group is compatible with all other blood groups as a donor, as it does not express the H antigen on the red blood cells. In this study, we describe the establishment of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from the dermal fibroblasts of a Bombay blood-type individual by the ectopic expression of established transcription factors Klf4, Oct4, Sox2, and c-Myc. Sequence analyses of fibroblasts and iPSCs revealed a nonsense mutation 826C to T (276 Gln to Ter) in the FUT1 gene and a missense mutation 739G to A (247 Gly to Ser) in the FUT2 gene in the Bombay phenotype under study. The established iPSCs resemble human embryonic stem cells in morphology, passaging, surface and pluripotency markers, normal karyotype, gene expression, DNA methylation of critical pluripotency genes, and in-vitro differentiation. The directed differentiation of the iPSCs into hematopoietic lineage cells displayed increased expression of the hematopoietic lineage markers such as CD34, CD133, RUNX1, KDR, alpha-globulin, and gamma-globulin. Such specific stem cells provide an unprecedented opportunity to produce a universal blood group donor, in-vitro, thus enabling cellular replacement therapies, once the safety issue is resolved. Read more
Biochemical and biophysical research communications

MJ Rasaee

A highly specific heterologous enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for measuring testosterone in plasma using antibody-coated immunoassay plates or polypropylene tubes. (1992)

A highly specific and sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, using a heterologous combination of antiserum raised against testosterone-3-(O-carboxymethyl) oxime-bovine serum albumin and penicill...inase-labeled testosterone-11 beta-carboxymethyl ether, was developed for measuring testosterone in human plasma. Immunoassay plates (96 wells) provided a sensitivity of 2.5 pg/well. This was achieved by maintaining the molar ratios of steroid to enzyme between 10 and 20. The assay was very specific for testosterone and did not show any cross-reaction with the related C19 steroids tested. Replacement of immunoassay plates with the locally available polypropylene tubes raised the detection limits to 25 pg/tube, but improved the range of doses of testosterone that could be measured up to 10,000 pg. The antiserum to testosterone derivative was linked to both immunoassay plates and polypropylene tubes through immunochemical bridges. Comparison of testosterone values of 52 plasma specimens obtained by both solid phase methods with those of radioimmunoassay showed good correlation. Read more
Steroids

Adnan Kisa

Benign prostatic hyperplasia: cost and effectiveness of three alternative surgical treatment methods used in a Turkish hospital. (2005)

The purpose of this study was to compare three alternative surgical therapies for Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in terms of their cost and effectiveness in a general hospital setting in Turkey. B...PH is an important potential burden on health care resources in developing countries like Turkey, not only because of the increasing incidence of the disease, but also because of the differences in cost and effectiveness that exist among the various available treatment technologies. In this study, three alternative surgical treatments for BPH, namely open prostatectomy, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and laser prostatectomy were compared in terms of their cost and effectiveness. Effectiveness was measured through the use of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) before the operation and at 3 months after. Laser prostatectomy was found to be the most costly and least effective way of treating BPH. This conclusion was valid both in terms of cost per prostate symptom score and cost per improvement of quality of life index. This study shows how a rough estimate can be made of the potential burdens that alternative treatment methods would impose on a countrys health budget. Read more
Journal of medical systems

Adnan Kisa

A cost analysis of kidney replacement therapy options in Palestine. (2015)

This study provides a cost analysis of kidney replacement therapy options in Palestine. It informs evidence-based resource allocation decisions for government-funded kidney disease services where tran...splant donors are limited, and some of the common modalities, i.e., peritoneal dialysis (PD) and home hemodialysis (HD), are not widely available due to shortages of qualified staff, specialists, and centers to follow the patient cases, provide training, make home visits, or provide educational programs for patients. The average cost of kidney transplant was US$16,277 for the first year; the estimated cost of HD per patient averaged US$16,085 per year--nearly as much as a transplant. Consistent with prior literature and experience, while live, related kidney donors are scarce, we found that kidney transplant was more adequate and less expensive than HD. These results have direct resource allocation implications for government-funded kidney disease services under Palestinian Ministry of Health. Our findings strongly suggest that investing in sufficient qualified staff, equipment, and clinical infrastructure to replace HD services with transplantation whenever medically indicated and suitable kidney donors are available, as well as deploying PD programs and Home HD programs, will result in major overall cost savings. Our results provide a better understanding of the costs of kidney disease and will help to inform Ministry of Health and related policy makers as they develop short- and long-term strategies for the population, in terms of both cost savings and enhanced quality of life. Read more
Inquiry : a journal of medical care organization, provision and financing

rahman hallaj

Electrocatalytic oxidation of NADH at electrogenerated NAD+ oxidation product immobilized onto multiwalled carbon nanotubes/ionic liquid nanocomposite: application to ethanol biosensing. (2012)

The multiwalled carbon nanotubes/N-butyl-N-methyl-pyrolydinium-bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide [C(4)mpyr][NTf(2)] ionic liquid (MWCNTs/IL) modified glassy carbon (GC) electrode has been utilized as ...a platform to immobilize electrogenerated NAD(+) oxidation products (Ox-P(NAD(+))). During potential cycling, the adenine moiety of NAD(+) molecule is oxidized and gives rise to generation of a redox active system that shows great electrocatalytic activity toward NADH oxidation. The cyclic voltammetric results indicated the ability of MWCNTs/IL/Ox-P(NAD(+)) modified GC electrode to catalyze the oxidation of NADH at a very low potential (0.05 V vs. Ag/AgCl) and subsequently, a substantial decrease in the overpotential by about 600 mV compared with the bare GC electrode. This modified electrode thus allowed highly sensitive amperometric detection of NADH with a very low limit of detection (2 × 10(-8) mol L(-1)), low applied potential (+0.05 V) at concentration range up to 4.2 × 10(-5) mol L(-1) and minimum of surface fouling. High ability of MWCNTs/IL/Ox-P(NAD(+)) to promote electron transfer between NADH and the electrode suggested a new promising biocompatible platform for development of dehydrogenase-based amperometric biosensors. With alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) as a model enzyme, ethanol sensing ability of the proposed system was examined. The amperometric response of the biosensor increased linearly with increasing ethanol concentration in two concentration ranges, 5 × 10(-6)-6 × 10(-5) and 6 × 10(-5)-9 × 10(-4) mol L(-1) with detection limit of 5 × 10(-7) mol L(-1) and rapid response of 10s. Furthermore, the interference effects of redox active species, such as ascorbic acid, uric acid, glucose and acetaminophen for the proposed biosensor are negligible. Finally, the ability of the proposed biosensor for detection of ethanol in real complex samples was successfully demonstrated. Read more
Talanta