Ammar Mohseni

QM/MM simulations provide insight into the mechanism of bioluminescence triggering in ctenophore photoproteins. (2017)

Photoproteins are responsible for light emission in a variety of marine ctenophores and coelenterates. The mechanism of light emission in both families occurs via the same reaction. However, the arran...gement of amino acid residues surrounding the chromophore, and the catalytic mechanism of light emission is unknown for the ctenophore photoproteins. In this study, we used quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) and site-directed mutagenesis studies to investigate the details of the catalytic mechanism in berovin, a member of the ctenophore family. In the absence of a crystal structure of the berovin-substrate complex, molecular docking was used to determine the binding mode of the protonated (2-hydroperoxy) and deprotonated (2-peroxy anion) forms of the substrate to berovin. A total of 13 mutants predicted to surround the binding site were targeted by site-directed mutagenesis which revealed their relative importance in substrate binding and catalysis. Molecular dynamics simulations and MM-PBSA (Molecular Mechanics Poisson-Boltzmann/surface area) calculations showed that electrostatic and polar solvation energy are +115.65 and -100.42 kcal/mol in the deprotonated form, respectively. QM/MM calculations and pKa analysis revealed the deprotonated form of substrate is unstable due to the generation of a dioxetane intermediate caused by nucleophilic attack of the substrate peroxy anion at its C3 position. This work also revealed that a hydrogen bonding network formed by a D158- R41-Y204 triad could be responsible for shuttling the proton from the 2- hydroperoxy group of the substrate to bulk solvent. Read more
PloS one

Reza Salman Yazdi

Urine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in children with urinary tract infection: a possible predictor of acute pyelonephritis. (2009)

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an important pro-inflammatory cytokine expressed at sites of inflammation. We have assessed this factor (MIF) in urinary tract infections with the aim o...f determining a non-invasive and sensitive method to differentiate upper and lower renal involvement. Thirty-three pediatric patients with urinary track infection (25 with acute pyelonephritis, eight with acute cystitis) and 40 healthy subjects were recruited for this prospective case-control study. Pyelonephritis was differentiated from cystitis by dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan. Urinary MIF concentration was determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. The urine MIF/creatinine (Cr) ratio was significantly higher in pyelonephritis patients than in those with acute cystitis and the control group (P < 0.001). The optimal cut-point of 4.90 pg/micromol Cr for the urine MIF/Cr ratio has the potential to be a biomarker for distinguishing patients with acute pyelonephritis from those with acute cystitis. Determination of the urinary MIF was also useful in selecting the patients at risk of permanent renal damage. Of those patients with pyelonephritis, based on the DMSA scan at the time of infection, scarring on follow-up DMSA scan 9-12 months later occurred in patients with the highest urinary MIF/Cr ratios. We conclude that the urine MIF/Cr ratio is a sensitive test for differentiating acute pyelonephritis from acute cystitis and also for detecting children with acute pyelonephritis who are at a higher risk for permanent renal scars in the future. Read more
Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)

Adnan Kisa

Benign prostatic hyperplasia: cost and effectiveness of three alternative surgical treatment methods used in a Turkish hospital. (2005)

The purpose of this study was to compare three alternative surgical therapies for Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in terms of their cost and effectiveness in a general hospital setting in Turkey. B...PH is an important potential burden on health care resources in developing countries like Turkey, not only because of the increasing incidence of the disease, but also because of the differences in cost and effectiveness that exist among the various available treatment technologies. In this study, three alternative surgical treatments for BPH, namely open prostatectomy, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and laser prostatectomy were compared in terms of their cost and effectiveness. Effectiveness was measured through the use of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) before the operation and at 3 months after. Laser prostatectomy was found to be the most costly and least effective way of treating BPH. This conclusion was valid both in terms of cost per prostate symptom score and cost per improvement of quality of life index. This study shows how a rough estimate can be made of the potential burdens that alternative treatment methods would impose on a countrys health budget. Read more
Journal of medical systems

Mohammad Najafi

System study of MPO promoter high-frequency polymorphic variants on transcription factor network. (2015)

The neutrophil myeloperoxidase (MPO) promotes the oxidative stress by the production of active chlorinated molecules. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MPO promoter poly...morphic variants (rs2243827 and rs2333227) and, its serum level in patients with the stenosis of coronary arteries. Furthermore, a system approach was applied to create the MPO transcription factor network. A total of one hundred fifty six subjects (controls, stenosis<5%, n=71 and patients, stenosis>70%, n=85) undergoing coronary angiography were recruited. The polymorphic haplotypes and serum MPO level were identified using ARMS-PCR and ELISA techniques, respectively. The MPO transcription factor network was primarily created with PSICQUIC and ChIP data and, was improved with the predicted transcription factors. The regression analyses did not show an association between the serum MPO level and the extent of stenosis in coronary arteries. The network showed that the predicted transcription factors at the flanking regions of polymorphic variants are not directly interacted to MPO. In conclusion, the population and prediction studies showed no association between the serum MPO level, the promoter high-frequency polymorphic frequencies and the extent of stenosis in coronary arteries. A gene sub-cluster with MYB as central node was suggested to be involved with MPO on the transcription factor network. Read more
Gene

MJ Rasaee

Expression and Purification of a Novel Computationally Designed Antigen for Simultaneously Detection of HTLV-1 and HBV Antibodies. (2015)

Computational tools are reliable alternatives to laborious work in chimeric protein design. In this study, a chimeric antigen was designed using computational techniques for simultaneous detection of ...anti-HTLV-I and anti-HBV in infected sera. Databases were searched for amino acid sequences of HBV/HLV-I diagnostic antigens. The immunodominant fragments were selected based on propensity scales. The diagnostic antigen was designed using these fragments. Secondary and tertiary structures were predicted and the B-cell epitopes were mapped on the surface of built model. The synthetic DNA coding antigen was sub-cloned into pGS21a expression vector. SDS-PAGE analysis showed that glutathione fused antigen was highly expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) cells. The recombinant antigen was purified by nickel affinity chromatography. ELISA results showed that soluble antigen could specifically react with the HTLV-I and HBV infected sera. This specific antigen could be used as suitable agent for antibody-antigen based screening tests and can help clinicians in order to perform quick and precise screening of the HBV and HTLV-I infections. Read more
Iranian journal of allergy, asthma, and immunology

amir mirzadi gohari

Effector discovery in the fungal wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici. (2015)

Fungal plant pathogens, such as Zymoseptoria tritici (formerly known as Mycosphaerella graminicola), secrete repertoires of effectors to facilitate infection or trigger host defence mechanisms. The di...scovery and functional characterization of effectors provides valuable knowledge that can contribute to the design of new and effective disease management strategies. Here, we combined bioinformatics approaches with expression profiling during pathogenesis to identify candidate effectors of Z. tritici. In addition, a genetic approach was conducted to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) carrying putative effectors, enabling the validation of both complementary strategies for effector discovery. In planta expression profiling revealed that candidate effectors were up-regulated in successive waves corresponding to consecutive stages of pathogenesis, contrary to candidates identified by QTL mapping that were, overall, expressed at low levels. Functional analyses of two top candidate effectors (SSP15 and SSP18) showed their dispensability for Z. tritici pathogenesis. These analyses reveal that generally adopted criteria, such as protein size, cysteine residues and expression during pathogenesis, may preclude an unbiased effector discovery. Indeed, genetic mapping of genomic regions involved in specificity render alternative effector candidates that do not match the aforementioned criteria, but should nevertheless be considered as promising new leads for effectors that are crucial for the Z. tritici-wheat pathosystem. Read more
Molecular plant pathology

Milad Bastami

A Bioinformatics Approach to the Identification of Variants Associated with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus that Reside in Functionally Validated miRNAs Binding Sites. (2016)

The present work is aimed at finding variants associated with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) that reside in functionally validated miRNAs binding sites and that can have a functional role in... determining diabetes and related pathologies. Using bioinformatics analyses we obtained a database of validated polymorphic miRNA binding sites which has been intersected with genes related to DM or to variants associated and/or in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with it and is reported in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). The workflow we followed allowed us to find variants associated with DM that also reside in functional miRNA binding sites. These data have been demonstrated to have a functional role by impairing the functions of genes implicated in biological processes linked to DM. In conclusion, our work emphasized the importance of SNPs located in miRNA binding sites. The results discussed in this work may constitute the basis of further works aimed at finding functional candidates and variants affecting protein structure and function, transcription factor binding sites, and non-coding epigenetic variants, contributing to widen the knowledge about the pathogenesis of this important disease. Read more
Biochemical genetics

Adnan Kisa

Is the Turkish health care system ready to be a part of the European Union? (2002)

Lately, Turkey is struggling to recover from the economic effects of the economic crisis so that the government officials are trying to impose budget cuts in health and education sectors. After the Un...ited States, the countrys national defense expenditures are the highest among the NATO countries. Therefore, Turkey allocates only 3-4% of the gross domestic product for health care expenses. Overall, the health status in Turkey is the lowest among the European Union countries; infant mortality rate is about 45 per 1000 live births, which is the highest on the European continent, and per capita health care expenditure is $120. Although 75% of the people are covered by some type of public insurance, 25% of the Turkish people do not have any insurance coverage. The national system is funded by taxes (43%), out of pocket payments (32%), and social and private insurance premiums (25%). This study examines whether Turkey is ready to be a part of the European Union in terms of the health sector of its economy and health status of its people. Read more
Journal of medical systems

Esmaeel Azadian

Human RNAi pathway: crosstalk with organelles and cells. (2014)

Understanding gene regulation mechanisms has been a serious challenge in biology. As a novel mechanism, small non-coding RNAs are an alternative means of gene regulation in a specific and efficient ma...nner. There are growing reports on regulatory roles of these RNAs including transcriptional gene silencing/activation and post-transcriptional gene silencing events. Also, there are several known small non-coding RNAs which all work through RNA interference pathway. Interestingly, these small RNAs are secreted from cells toward targeted cells presenting new communication approach in cell-cell or cell-organ signal transduction. In fact, understanding cellular and molecular basis of these pathways will strongly improve developing targeted therapies and potent and specific regulatory tools. This study will review some of the most recent findings in this subject and will introduce a super-pathway RNA interference-based small RNA silencing network. Read more
Functional & integrative genomics

Reza Salman Yazdi

Association of thrombophilia and polycystic ovarian syndrome in women with history of recurrent pregnancy loss. (2012)

To evaluate the prevalence of thrombophilic disorders in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) women with history of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Read more
Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology

Zeinab Takalloo

Real-time monitoring of artemin in vivo chaperone activity using luciferase as an intracellular reporter. (2016)

Artemin is an abundant thermostable protein in Artemia encysted embryos and considered as a stress protein, as its highly regulated expression is associated with stress resistance. Artemin cDNA was pr...eviously isolated and cloned from Artemia urmiana and artemin was found as an efficient molecular chaperone in vitro. Here, co-transformation of E. coli was performed with two expression vectors containing artemin and firefly luciferase for in vivo studies. The time-course of luciferase inactivation at low and elevated temperatures showed that luciferase was rapidly inactivated in control cells, but it was found that luciferase was protected significantly in artemin expressing cells. More interestingly, luciferase activity was completely regained in heat treated artemin expressing cells at room temperature. In addition, in both stress conditions, similar to residual activity of luciferase, cell viability in induced cultures over-expressing artemin was significantly higher than non-expressed artemin cells. It can be suggested that artemin confers impressive resistance in stressful conditions when introduced into E. coli cells, which is due to that it protects proteins against aggregation. Such luciferase co-expression system can be used as a real-time reporter to investigate the activity of chaperone proteins in vivo and provide a rapid and simple test for molecular chaperones. Read more
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics

Adnan Kisa

The role of public relations activities in hospital choice. (2007)

Public relations activities for all organizations can have an important effect on consumer decision-making when buying goods or services. This study examines the effect that public relations activitie...s can have regarding consumer decisions and choice. To explore exemplify this relationship a questionnaire was given to 971 patients within public, university and private hospitals in Ankara, Turkey. Study results show that public relations activities were a crucial factor in determining consumer hospital choice. The majority of respondents reported that the behaviors and attitude of personnel as public relations activities that support the hospitals reputation within the public were the primary variables in hospital choice. Health care managers can use these findings to further understand how patients make informed choices related to usage of a health care facility and to develop and/or improve public relations activities. Read more
Health marketing quarterly

MJ Rasaee

Preparation and characterization of monoclonal antibody against melatonin. (2008)

Anti-melatonin monoclonal antibodies (MAb) were prepared following coupling melatonin to bovine serum albumin (BSA) by Mannich reaction. Balb/c mice were immunized via injection of the melatonin-BSA i...ntraperitonally. The spleen cells producing high titer of antibody were fused with myeloma cells of SP2/0 origin. After two limiting dilutions, two stable clones (AS-H10 and AS-D26) exhibiting best properties were selected for further studies. The class and subclass of two MAbs were found to be IgG(1) and IgG(2a) with lambda and kappa light chains, respectively. Antibodies secreted by these two clones showed high affinity of about 10(9)M(1). Study of the specificity criteria showed that these clones had no cross reactivity with indolic, aromatic, and imidazole ring-containing compounds, and had high specificity towards melatonin. The calibration curve was constructed with a sensitivity range of 10 ng/mL to 10 microg/mL. In conclusion, these MAbs may be useful for immunoassay of melatonin. Read more
Hybridoma (2005)

MJ Rasaee

Opium induces apoptosis in jurkat cells.

The direct effect of some opioids on immune cells has been demonstrated. The aim of this study was to assess the apoptotic effect of opium on Jurkat T lymphocyte cells. Read more
Addiction & health

Reza Salman Yazdi

Abdominal obesity can induce both systemic and follicular fluid oxidative stress independent from polycystic ovary syndrome. (2015)

The abdominal form of obesity is prevalent in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Visceral fat accumulation seems to play an important role in etiology of PCOS. In this cross-sectional study ...we evaluated the association of oxidative stress (OS) induced with PCOS and abdominal obesity in serum and follicular fluid (FF) of infertile women. Read more
European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology

MJ Rasaee

Production and characterization of a recombinant chimeric antigen consisting botulinum neurotoxin serotypes A, B and E binding subdomains. (2010)

Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are potent toxicant proteins composed of a heavy chain (100 kDa) and a light chain (50 kDa) of seven (A-G) serotypes that is responsible for botulism syndrome. In this st...udy, polypeptides from C-terminal heavy chain of BoNTs serotypes A, B and E to the length of 54, 45 and 48 amino acid respectively were selected, linked together using a hydrophobic linker and expressed in E. coli. The expression efficiency of the chimeric protein was found to be 51%. The chimeric protein was produced in the form of inclusion body (IB) both at two studied temperatures, 30 degrees C and 37 degrees C. This IB was extracted by ultracentrifugation and followed for chimeric protein solubilization and purification using of ultrafiltration and preparative electrophoresis. The purified chimeric protein was characterized using blotting and ELISA. To evaluate the protection ability of this chimeric antigen against their active toxins, it was injected to mice and the antibody titer as well as the extent of protectivity were determined. Mice given three injections (10 microg/mice) of the antigen were protected against an intra-peritoneal administration of 10 LD(50 )of serotypes A and E, but 100 LD(50) of serotype B. We conclude that a significant correlation exists between the antigenic characteristics and protection capability of the chimeric protein prepared in this study. Read more
The Journal of toxicological sciences

Mohammad Najafi

Expression levels of the BAK1 and BCL2 genes highlight the role of apoptosis in age-related hearing impairment. (2016)

Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI) is a progressive and a common sensory disorder in the elderly and will become an increasingly important clinical problem given the growing elderly population. Apo...ptosis of cochlear cells is an important factor in animal models of ARHI. As these cells cannot regenerate, their loss leads to irreversible hearing impairment. Identification of molecular mechanisms can facilitate disease prevention and effective treatment. In this study, we compared the expression of the genes BAK1 and BCL2 as two arms of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway between patients with ARHI and healthy subjects. ARHI and healthy subjects were selected after an ear nose throat examination, otoscopic investigation, and pure tone audiometry. RNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples, and relative gene expression levels were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. BAK1 and the BAK1/BCL2 ratio were statistically significantly upregulated in the ARHI subjects. The BAK1/BCL2 ratio was positively correlated with the results of the audiometric tests. Our results indicate that BAK-mediated apoptosis may be a core mechanism in the progression of ARHI in humans, similar to finding in animal models. Moreover, the gene expression changes in peripheral blood samples could be used as a rapid and simple biomarker for early detection of ARHI. Read more
Clinical interventions in aging

jalil Zorriehzahra

Isolation and confirmation of viral nervous necrosis (VNN) disease in golden grey mullet (Liza aurata) and leaping mullet (Liza saliens) in the Iranian waters of the Caspian Sea. (2016)

The present study was conducted on 428 moribund mullet fish samples to isolate and identify the causative agent of a mysterious acute mortality which recently occurred in wild mullets in Iranian water...s of Caspian Sea, suspected to be due to viral nervous necrosis (VNN) disease. Disease investigation was carried out employing various diagnostic procedures such as virology, bacteriology, parasitology, haematology, histopathology, IFAT, IHC and nested RT-PCR. Brain and eye samples of affected fishes were collected in sterile conditions and then kept at -80°C for cell culture isolation and nested RT-PCR detection of the causative agent. Other tissue samples were also collected and fixed for histopathology, IHC and EM examinations. CPE was observed in cell cultures at 6days after inoculation. Nine samples were found positive with virological assay. Nested RT-PCR, performed on suspected tissues and CPE positive samples, showed that about 21 tissue samples and all the CPE positive samples were positive for VNN virus (VNNV). IFAT was selected as a confirmatory method for detecting the presence of Betanodavirus antigen, cell culture isolation results and nested RT-PCR findings. Moreover, VNNV particles with 25-30nm in diameter were also visualized in the infected brain and retina. In pathogenicity studies, guppy fishes bathed in VNNV-infected tissue culture (10(-4) TCID50) showed clinical signs similar to naturally infected mullet after 15days post infection (dpi), with mortality rates reaching up to 100% at 30dpi. Affected organ samples as examined by cell culture isolation, IFAT, IHC and histopathology, revealed the presence of VNNV in the guppy fishes. In conclusion, it was confirmed that VNNV was the main causative agent for the disease outbreak in mullet fish in the Caspian Sea, and this is such first official report of VNN disease from Iran. Read more
Veterinary microbiology

amir mirzadi gohari

Flexible gateway constructs for functional analyses of genes in plant pathogenic fungi. (2015)

Genetic manipulation of fungi requires quick, low-cost, efficient, high-throughput and molecular tools. In this paper, we report 22 entry constructs as new molecular tools based on the Gateway technol...ogy facilitating rapid construction of binary vectors that can be used for functional analysis of genes in fungi. The entry vectors for single, double or triple gene-deletion mutants were developed using hygromycin, geneticin and nourseothricin resistance genes as selection markers. Furthermore, entry vectors containing green fluorescent (GFP) or red fluorescent (RFP) in combination with hygromycin, geneticin or nourseothricin selection markers were generated. The latter vectors provide the possibility of gene deletion and simultaneous labelling of the fungal transformants with GFP or RFP reporter genes. The applicability of a number of entry vectors was validated in Zymoseptoria tritici, an important fungal wheat pathogen. Read more
Fungal genetics and biology : FG & B

MJ Rasaee

Epitope mapping of PR81 anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody following PEPSCAN and phage display techniques. (2007)

PR81 is an anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody (MAb) which was generated against human MUC1 mucin that reacted with breast cancerous tissue, MUC1 positive cell line (MCF-7, BT-20, and T-4 7 D), and syntheti...c peptide, including the tandem repeat sequence of MUC1. Here we characterized the binding properties of PR81 against the tandem repeat of MUC1 by two different epitope mapping techniques, namely, PEPSCAN and phage display. Epitope mapping of PR81 MAb by PEPSCAN revealed a minimal consensus binding sequence, PDTRP, which is found on MUC1 peptide as the most important epitope. Using the phage display peptide library, we identified the motif PD(T/S/G)RP as an epitope and the motif AVGLSPDGSRGV as a mimotope recognized by PR81. Results of these two methods showed that the two residues, arginine and aspartic acid, have important roles in antibody binding and threonine can be substituted by either glycine or serine. These results may be of importance in tailor making antigens used in immunoassay. Read more
Hybridoma (2005)

Adnan Kisa

A review of the effect of pharmaceutical firm drug announcements on stock option pricing. (2009)

Since the Black and Sholes published their work in option pricing in 1973, there have been a great number of dissertations, theses, and articles published on options pricing. Several articles discusse...d American options and European options. Many articles where empirical in nature. In this article, we review some of the literature in this area and then discuss in a descriptive way the effect of pharmaceutical companies announcements of new drugs on the market or drug withdrawals from the market on their stock options. This article should be the beginning of the discussion on how stock prices might affect the cost of drugs and the affect of the affordability of drug prices, if any. Read more
Journal of health care finance

Adnan Kisa

The need for time management training is universal: evidence from Turkey. (2005)

In many developing countries, healthcare administrators are currently facing challenges that are representative of those in the United States. Most healthcare administrators here are physicians with n...o formal training in healthcare administration, and this is perhaps most apparent in their difficulties with time management. The authors purpose in this study was to characterize the time management difficulties of administrators working in primary healthcare facilities of the Ministry of Healthcare. In the study, 67 healthcare administrators each completed a 31-item time management questionnaire. Of the participants, 79.1% reported that they have never attended time management courses or workshops. Although 76.1% said they were free to choose the priority of their daily tasks, only 44.8% felt they knew how much time they should allow for each activity in their daily life. These and other findings in the study suggest that the need for time management education is a well-defined target for intervention, both in university-based programs for future healthcare administrators and in workplace-based programs, such as in-service training for healthcare administrators who are already working. Read more
Hospital topics

MJ Rasaee

Computational approach to analyze isolated ssDNA aptamers against angiotensin II. (2016)

Aptamers are oligonucleotides with highly structured molecules that can bind to their targets through specific 3-D conformation. Commonly, not all the nucleotides such as primer binding fixed region a...nd some other sequences are vital for aptamers folding and interaction. Elimination of unnecessary regions needs trustworthy prediction tools to reduce experimental efforts and errors. Here we introduced a manipulated in-silico approach to predict the 3-D structure of aptamers and their target interactions. To design an approach for computational analysis of isolated ssDNA aptamers (FLC112, FLC125 and their truncated core region including CRC112 and CRC125), their secondary and tertiary structures were modeled by Mfold and RNA composer respectively. Output PDB files were modified from RNA to DNA in the discovery studio visualizer software. Using ZDOCK server, the aptamer-target interactions were predicted. Finally, the interaction scores were compared with the experimental results. In-silico interaction scores and the experimental outcomes were in the same descending arrangement of FLC112>CRC125>CRC112>FLC125 with similar intensity. The consistent results of innovative in-silico method with experimental outputs, affirmed that the present method may be a reliable approach. Also, it showed that the exact in-silico predictions can be utilized as a credible reference to find aptameric fragments binding potency. Read more
Journal of biotechnology

rahman hallaj

Immobilization of hemoglobin on electrodeposited cobalt-oxide nanoparticles: direct voltammetry and electrocatalytic activity. (2007)

Cyclic voltammetry at potential range -1.1 to 0.5 V from aqueous buffer solution (pH 7) containing CoCl(2) produced a well defined cobalt oxide (CoOx) nanoparticles deposited on the surface of glassy ...carbon electrode. The morphology of the modified surface and cobalt oxide formation was examined with SEM and cyclic voltammetry techniques. Hemoglobin (Hb) was successfully immobilized in cobalt-oxide nanoparticles modified glassy carbon electrode. Immobilization of hemoglobin onto cobalt oxide nanoparticles have been investigated by cyclic voltammetry and UV-visible spectroscopy. The entrapped protein can take direct electron transfer in cobalt-oxide film. A pair of well defined, quasi-reversible cyclic voltammetric peaks at about -0.08 V vs. SCE (pH 7), characteristic of heme redox couple (Fe(III)/Fe(II)) of hemoglobin, and the response showed surface controlled electrode process. The dependence of formal potential (E(0)) on the solution pH (56 mV pH(-1)) indicated that the direct electron transfer reaction of hemoglobin was a one-electron transfer coupled with a one proton transfer reaction process. The average surface coverage of Hb immobilized on the cobalt oxide nanoparticles was about 5.2536x10(-11) mol cm(-2), indicating high loading ability of nanoparticles for hemoglobin entrapment. The heterogeneous electron transfer rate constant (k(s)) was 1.43 s(-1), indicating great of facilitation of the electron transfer between Hb and electrodeposited cobalt oxide nanoparticles. Modified electrode exhibits a remarkable electrocatalytic activity for the reduction of hydrogen peroxide and oxygen. The Michaels-Menten constant K(m) of 0.38 mM, indicating that the Hb immobilized onto cobalt oxide film retained its peroxidases activity. The biosensor exhibited a fast amperometric response <5 s, a linear response over a wide concentration range 5 microM to 700 microM and a low detection limit 0.5 microM. According to the direct electron transfer property and enhanced activity of Hb in cobalt oxide film, a third generation reagentless biosensor without using any electron transfer mediator or specific reagent can be constructed for determination of hydrogen peroxide in anaerobic solutions. Read more
Biophysical chemistry

Reza Salman Yazdi

Calciotropic hormones, insulin resistance, and the polycystic ovary syndrome. (2010)

To investigate whether abnormalities in serum concentrations of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)(2)D], 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, and phosphorus were associate...d with risk of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and obesity. The possible correlations of the calciotropic hormones with insulin resistance were also examined. Read more
Fertility and sterility

MJ Rasaee

Production of recombinant gG-1 protein of herpes simplex virus type 1 in a prokaryotic system in order to develop a type-specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. (2007)

The herpes simplex viruses are important causes of disease worldwide. Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is the primary cause of oral-facial and pharyngeal infections and may cause herpetic whitlow, ...eye infections as well as severe and sometimes dangerous infections of the eyes and brain. HSV-1 also accounts for 10-15% of all genital herpetic infections. Therefore, laboratory diagnosis of this virus and development of diagnostic serological techniques for HSV-1 is of particular importance. In the present study, pTrc His2A-gG1 plasmid, containing the full-length glycoprotein G (gG) protein, was produced in a prokaryotic system for the first time. Upon confirmation of a 37-kDa gG-1 protein production in a prokaryotic system based on western blotting and monoclonal antibodies, the protein was produced at a large scale and purified by ion-exchange chromatography using DEAE-sepharose. An HSV-1 type-specific diagnostic kit was designed and developed and the specificity and sensitivity of this kit were demonstrated to be 89.5% and 100%, respectively, as compared with a commercially available kit. A significant correlation was shown between the developed kit and the commercial kit. Read more
FEMS immunology and medical microbiology

MJ Rasaee

Targeted delivery of doxorubicin into tumor cells by nanostructured lipid carriers conjugated to anti-EGFRvIII monoclonal antibody. (2017)

Epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) is the most common variant of the EGF receptor in many human tumors. This variant is tumor specific and highly immunogenic, thus, it can be used... as a target for targeted drug delivery toward tumor cells. The major aim of this study was to develop an EGFRvIII-mediated drug delivery system by anti-EGFRvIII monoclonal antibody (MAb) conjugated to doxorubicin (Dox)-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) to enhance the targeting specificity and cytotoxic effect of Dox on EGFRvIII-overexpressing cell line. In our study, Dox was chosen as a hydrophobic cytotoxic drug and drug-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (Dox-NLC) was prepared by solvent emulsification/evaporation method. In order to conjugate anti-EGFRvIII MAb to Dox-NLC, DSPE-PEG2000-NHS (1,2-distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine-polyethylene glycol 2000-NHS) was used as a linker. Physicochemical characteristics of antibody conjugated Dox-NLC (MAb-Dox-NLC), including particle size, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency and in vitro Dox release were investigated. Cytotoxicity of MAb-Dox-NLC against NIH-3T3 and HC2 20d2/c (EGFRvIII-transfected NIH-3T3) cell lines was evaluated. The MAb-Dox-NLC appeared to enhance the cytotoxic activity of targeted NLC against HC2 20d2/c cells. The cellular uptake percentage of targeted NLC by HC2 20d2/c cells was higher than that of NIH-3T3 cells, indicating that EGFRvIII can specifically target HC2 20d2/c cells. In conclusion, anti-EGFRvIII MAb-targeted NLC may be considered as an effective nanocarrier for targeted drug delivery. Read more
Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology

Reza Salman Yazdi

Prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum in semen of infertile and healthy men. (2009)

Ureaplasma urealyticum is a causative agent of non-gonococcal urethritis and is implicated in the pathogenesis of prostatitis, epididymitis and infertility. The organism is more common in partners of ...infertile than fertile marriages. U. urealyticum infections not only jeopardize fertility but also pose a risk for infertility treatment and resulting pregnancies. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of U. urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum in semen of infertile and healthy men by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Semen samples were obtained from infertile patients and healthy controls and were subjected to the routine andrological analysis and PCR. DNA was extracted by the Cadieux method, and analysed by PCR protocol with specific primers for urease and multiple-banded antigen genes. Ureaplasmas were detected significantly by PCR in 12 of 100 (12%) semen specimens from infertile patients and in three of 100 (3%) healthy men. The volume of semen fluid, concentration of sperm cells, and sperm cell with normal morphology were significantly decreased in infertile men. In the group of infertile patients with PCR positive for Ureaplasmas, the volume, count and morphology of semen samples were lower than in the infertile patients with PCR-negative results. U. urealyticum species in semen of infertile men was found to be high (9%) than in healthy controls (1%). Detection rate for U. parvum was 3% in the infertile group and 2% in healthy men. The results indicate that U. urealyticum species is more common in specimens of infertile men. The percentage of normal sperm cells, the volume of semen and the percentage of sperm cells with motility in the PCR positive for U. urealyticum species group were lower than in the PCR positive for U. parvum group. Read more
International journal of STD & AIDS

Adnan Kisa

Analysis of the pharmaceuticals market and its technological development in Turkey. (2006)

The objectives of this study were to analyze the current structure of the Turkish pharmaceuticals market to explain the latest developments and to offer some insight into the likely policy issues that... this sector will face. Read more
International journal of technology assessment in health care

rahman hallaj

Ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence immunoassay for simultaneous determination of CA125 and CA15-3 tumor markers based on PAMAM-sulfanilic acid-Ru(bpy)3(2+) and PAMAM-CdTe@CdS nanocomposite. (2018)

A multiplex ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunoassay was developed for the simultaneous determination of two different tumor markers, cancer antigen 153 (CA 15-3) and cancer antigen 1...25 (CA 125) using polyamidoamine dendrimer-quantum dots (PAMAM-QDs) and PAMAM-sulfanilic acid-Ru(bpy)3(2+) as the signal probes and Fe3O4-SiO2 as a magnetic bead. The CdTe@CdS- QDs and Ru(bpy)3(2+) at the presence of tripropyl amine (TPA) as coreactant generate ECL at an applied voltage of + 1.2V (vs Ag/AgCl) in two different wavelengths 500 and 620nm, respectively. Based on this strategy, the simultaneous detection of two tumor markers in single run carried out. This dual signal amplification technique was achieved by employing Fe3O4@SiO2-dendrimer as immunosensing platform and PAMAM as the carrier for immobilizing CdTe@CdS and Ru(bpy)3(2+) probes. Experimental results illustrated that the designed immunosensor can be used to sequentially detection of CA 125 and CA 15-3 markers with the wide linear ranges of 1µU/mL to 1U/mL and 0.1mU/mL to 100U/mL with very low detection limits of 0.1µU/mL and 10µU/mL, respectively. The application of the immunosensor for simultaneous detection of CA125 and CA15-3 in human serum samples was evaluated and the obtained results were found to be in acceptable agreement with the those obtained with an ELISA assay as reference method. The proposed ECL immunosensor can provide a simple, sensitive and reliable approach for the simultaneous detection of tumor markers in clinical samples. Read more
Biosensors & bioelectronics

Adnan Kisa

Sex workers and the issues surrounding registration in Turkey. (2003)

Awareness of the activities of commercial sex workers can be an important step toward understanding the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in developing countries. This study discu...sses how sex workers are viewed in Turkey and the process of mandatory registration. To support the information provided and the conclusions drawn, a sample of 150 sex workers who made regular visits to a STI hospital was interviewed. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, family and support information and certain risk behaviors were solicited. Recommendations for increasing preventive education are made, with considerations for increased attention and support for this group of individuals. Read more
Journal of health & social policy

MJ Rasaee

A caspase 8-based suicide switch induces apoptosis in nanobody-directed chimeric receptor expressing T cells. (2012)

In accordance with the two-step hypothesis of T cell activation and the observation that stimulation through the T cell receptor (TCR) alone may lead to anergy, we focused on the introduction of co-st...imulatory signaling to this type of receptors to achieve optimal activation. Enhanced mRNA and cell surface receptor expression via the co-stimulatory gene fragment (OX40) was confirmed by RT-PCR and flow cytometry. Inclusion of the OX40 co-stimulatory signaling region in series with the TCR led to enhanced antigen-induced IL-2 production after stimulation by MUC1-expressing cancer cell lines as compared to the chimeric receptor without OX40. Moreover, with the aim of maintaining high efficiency, while providing a means of controlling any possible unwanted proliferation in vivo, a regulation system was used. This controls the dimerization of a membrane-bound caspase 8 protein. Toward that goal, pFKC8 and CAR constructs were co-transfected into Jurkat cells, and the level of apoptosis was measured. 24 h after addition of the dimerizer, a 91% decrease in transfected cells was observed. Read more
International journal of hematology

Zeinab Takalloo

Artemin protects cells and proteins against oxidative and salt stress. (2017)

Artemin is an abundant thermostable protein in Artemia encysted embryos under environmental stresses. It is confirmed that high regulatory expression of artemin is relevant to stress resistance in thi...s crustacean. Here, the protective role of artemin from Artemia urmiana has been investigated on survival of bacterial cells under salt and oxidative shocks. Also, for continuous monitoring of the effect of artemin in prevention of proteins aggregation/inactivation, co-expression of artemin and luciferase (as an intracellular reporter) in bacterial cells was performed. According to the results, residual activity of luciferase in artemin expressing E. coli cells exposing to different concentrations of H2O2 and NaCl was significantly higher than non-expressing cells. The luciferase activity was rapidly lost in control cells under salt treatments while in co-transformed cells, the activity was considerably retained at higher salt concentrations. Also, analysis from cell viability assays showed that artemin-expressing cells exhibited more resistance to both stress conditions. In the present study, we document for the first time that artemin can protect proteins and bacterial cells against oxidative and salt stress conditions. These results can declare the resistance property of this crustacean against harsh environmental conditions. Read more
International journal of biological macromolecules

Reza Hassan Sajedi

Proposed ionic bond between Arg300 and Glu270 and Glu271 are not involved in inactivation of a mutant firefly luciferase (LRR). (2016)

The weakness of firefly luciferase is its rapid inactivation. Many studies have been done to develop thermostable luciferases. One of these modifications was LRR mutant in which the Leu300 was substit...uted with Arg in the E(354)RR(356)Lampyris turkestanicus luciferase as template. LRR was more thermostable than the wild type but with only 0.02% activity. In this study, site-directed mutagenesis was used to change the proposed ionic bond between the Arg and two neighboring residues (Glu270 and Glu271), to understand if the induced interactions were responsible for inactivation in LRR. Our results showed that substitution of Glu270 and 271 with Ala removed the interactions but the activity of enzyme did not return. The E270A mutant was more active than LRR but the E271A and E270A/E271A mutants were inactive. Fluorescence and CD measurements showed that these mutations were accompanied by conformational changes. Extrinsic fluorescence measurement and obtained quenching data by KI and acrylamide also confirmed that the mutants were less compact than the LRR enzyme. In conclusion, in LRR, the interactions between Arg300 and Glu270 and Glu271 were not responsible for the enzyme inactivation and it is proposed that the enzyme inactivation is due to conformational changes of LRR mutant of firefly luciferase. Read more
Enzyme and microbial technology

jalil Zorriehzahra

Hemato - Immunological and biochemical parameters, skin antibacterial activity, and survival in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) following the diet supplemented with Mentha piperita against Yersinia ruckeri. (2016)

This study was aimed to assess the potential effects of Mentha piperita on the hemato - immunological and biochemical parameters, skin antibacterial activity and protection against Yersinia ruckeri in...fection in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Fish were divided into 4 groups before being fed diets supplemented with 0, 1, 2 and 3% of Mentha piperita (MP) plant extract for 8 weeks. Dose-dependent increases immune (both in skin mucus and blood serum) and hematological parameters (number of red and white cells, hematocrit and hemoglobin contents), as well as in respiratory burst activity, total protein, albumin, and neutrophil levels in fish fed supplemented diets compared to the control fish. Furthermore, dietary MP plant extract supplements have no significant effect on blood biochemical parameters and enzymatic activities of liver determined in serum of rainbow trout. After 8 weeks the cessation of feeding with MP plant extract, survival rates of 54.4%, 63.6% and 75.2% were recorded in groups which received 1, 2 and 3% of MP plant extract of feed, respectively, compared to 34.6% survivals in the control. This study underlying several positive effects of dietary administration of MP plant extract to farmed fish. Read more
Fish & shellfish immunology

MJ Rasaee

Comparison of (99m)Tc-labeled PR81 and its F(ab)₂ fragments as radioimmunoscintigraphy agents for breast cancer imaging. (2011)

We digested anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody PR81 to produce F(ab)₂ fragments. A comparison was performed between the two radiolabeled PR81 and F(ab)₂ fragments for breast tumor imaging in a mouse model. Read more
Annals of nuclear medicine

Mohammad Najafi

Paraoxonase 1 gene promoter polymorphisms are associated with the extent of stenosis in coronary arteries. (2009)

HDL-associated paraoxonase1 (PON1) is believed to be an important anti-oxidative enzyme in the retardation of atherosclerosis. In this study, we determined haplotypes of three SNPs within the PON1 gen...e promoter to elucidate association of functional sites with coronary artery disease (CAD). We applied a direct haplotyping procedure through ARMS (Amplification Refractory Mutation System) and RFLP (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) analysis techniques. The haplotypes of the G(-907)C, A(-162)G and C(-107)T polymorphisms within the 5 region of the PON1 gene were determined in 99 patients and 66 controls who were evaluated angiographically for the presence and extent of stenosis in coronary arteries. The genotype and haplotype distributions had significant differences between patient subgroups (One-, Two- and Three-vessel disease) but not between the patient and control groups. Multivariate analyses suggested decreased arylesterase activity is the most important independent factor in the CAD severity. The increase of high activity variants [G(-907) and C(-107)] within the two-allelic haplotypes was reversely associated with the extent of stenosis in coronary arteries. However, we could not determine the independent involvement each of the C(-107)T and G(-907)C polymorphisms on the extent of stenosis. We found no significant association between the A(-162)G polymorphism and the extent of stenosis in vessels. The study indicated the association of polymorphic variations within the PON1 gene promoter haplotypes with the serum arlyesterase activity. The arlyesterase activity was also associated with the extent of stenosis in coronary arteries but not with primary development of atherosclerosis. Read more
Thrombosis research

Fertility Biocenter

Functionality of natural killer cells from end-stage cancer patients exposed to coherent electromagnetic fields. (2011)

The main objective of our study is to investigate whether an enhancement of the immune system in end-stage cancer patients is achieved by exposure to coherent electromagnetic fields. For this reason, ...15 end-stage cancer patients were exposed at low intensity, coherent electromagnetic fields at radiofrequencies ranging from 600 kHz-729 Hz, for 8 h/day, 6 days/week for 4 weeks. NKs number and cytotoxicity of NK T-lymphocytes versus K562 cancer cell line were estimated by flow cytometry, before and after exposure. Data showed that the exposure of the end-stage cancer patients to the coherent electromagnetic fields resulted in a significant increase of the number and the cytotoxicity of the NK T-lymphocytes against cancer cells, in all patients. Exposure to coherent EMFs at radiofrequencies increases the number and cytotoxicity of NK T-lymphocytes, which may contribute to the improvement of cancer patients status. Read more
Electromagnetic biology and medicine

Adnan Kisa

The influence of financial officers on the decision-making process in health facilities: a study in Ankara.

Financial officers in health facilities currently face 2 main duties. The first is to help the management team in the decision-making process and the second is to ensure the integrity of financial rep...orts to outsiders and outside agencies. A roster of 191 private outpatient clinics in Ankara was drawn up. Fourteen private hospitals and 66 private clinics were included in the study via systematic sampling. Financial officers perceptions of involvement in 46 decisions (grouped as strategic decisions, accounting and assessment, and nonfinancial decisions) were gauged using a responsive scale ranging from 1 (no involvement) to 5 (greatly involved). Involvement was defined as the extent of participation in specific decision-making issues. High involvement is assumed to be tantamount to influence and can be visualized in the extent to which financial officers could challenge plans, recommend or disapprove, or take a very significant role in reaching decisions. The results of the study show that in the dynamic environment in which health facilities operate, the financial officers role is somewhat equivocal. The study suggests that the power and influence of financial officers should be defined in such a way so as to develop a clear role for these members of the management team. Read more
The health care manager

rahman hallaj

Highly sensitive electrochemical aptasensor for immunoglobulin E detection based on sandwich assay using enzyme-linked aptamer. (2014)

Here, we describe the fabrication of an electrochemical immunoglobulin E (IgE) aptasensor using enzyme-linked aptamer in the sandwich assay method and thionine as redox probe. In this protocol, 5-amin...e-terminated IgE aptamer and thionine were covalently attached on glassy carbon electrode modified with carbon nanotubes/ionic liquid/chitosan nanocomposite. Furthermore, another IgE aptamer was modified with biotin and enzyme horseradish peroxidase (HRP), which attached to the aptamer via biotin-streptavidin interaction. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry were performed at each stage of the chemical modification process to confirm the resulting surface changes. The presence of IgE induces the formation of a double aptamer sandwich structure on the electrode, and the electrocatalytic reduction current of thionine in the presence of hydrogen peroxide was measured as the sensor response. Under optimized conditions and using differential pulse voltammetry as the measuring technique, the proposed aptasensor showed a low detection limit (6 pM) and high sensitivity (1.88 μA nM(-1)). This aptasensor also exhibited good stability and high selectivity for IgE detection without an interfering effect of some other proteins such as bovine serum albumin (BSA) and lysozyme. The application of the aptasensor for IgE detection in human serum sample was also investigated. The proposed protocol is quite promising as an alternative sandwich approach for various protein assays. Read more
Analytical biochemistry

Mohammad Najafi

The sdLDL reduces MRC1 expression level and secretion of histamine in differentiated M2-macrophages from patients with coronary artery stenosis. (2017)

The macrophage polarization is proposed to be involved in initial events and remodeling of atherosclerosis plaques. Mannose receptor, C type 1 (MRC1) is a trans-membrane glycoprotein participating in ...phagocytosis and, is highly expressed in the M2 macrophages. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of sdLDL (small dense LDL) on the MRC1 gene expression level and secretion of histamine in the differentiated M2 macrophages from monocytes of patients with coronary artery stenosis and healthy subjects. The monocytes were isolated from healthy subjects (< 5% stenosis) and patients (>70% stenosis, SVD (Single Vessel Disease), 2VD (Two-Vessel Disease) and 3VD (Three-Vessel Disease)) by RosetteSep kit and, were differentiated into M2 macrophages by macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF). The sdLDL particles were obtained by PEG-combined precipitation method. The MRC1 gene expression and histamine levels were measured by RT-qPCR and ELISA techniques, respectively. The MRC1 gene expression level was significantly increased in M2 macrophages of healthy subjects (P=0.05) while it reduced in SVD (P=0.05), 2VD (P=0.01) and 3VD (P=0.9) patients after treatment with sdLDL. The histamine value secreted from M2 macrophages (7-day) was higher (>3-fold, P=0.02) in patients as compared to healthy controls. The results showed that the sdLDL particles reduce the MRC1 gene expression levels in the differentiated M2 macrophages from patients with coronary artery disease. Furthermore, they had high inflammatory capacity for the secretion of histamine. Read more
Cardiovascular & hematological disorders drug targets

MJ Rasaee

Structure prediction, expression, and antigenicity of c-terminal of GRP78. (2017)

Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is a typical endoplasmic reticulum luminal chaperone having a main role in the activation of the unfolded protein response. Because of hypoxia and nutrient depriva...tion in the tumor microenvironment, expression of GRP78 in these cells becomes higher than the native cells, which makes it a suitable candidate for cancer targeting. Suppression of survival signals by antibody production against C-terminal domain of GR78 (CGRP) can induce apoptosis of cancer cells. The aim of this study was in silico analysis, recombinant production, and characterization of CGRP in Escherichia coli. Structural prediction of CGRP by bioinformatics tools was done and the construct containing optimized sequence was transferred to E. coli T7 shuffle. Expression was induced by isopropyl-β-d-thiogalactoside, and recombinant protein was purified by Ni-NTA agarose resin. The content of secondary structures was obtained by circular dichroism (CD) spectrum. CGRP immunogenicity was evaluated from the immunized mouse sera. SDS-PAGE analysis showed CGRP expression in E. coli. CD spectrum also confirmed prediction of structures by bioinformatics tools. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using sera from immunized mice revealed CGRP as a good immunogen. The results obtained in this study showed that the structure of truncated CGRP is very similar to its structure in the whole protein context. This protein can be used in cancer researches. Read more
Biotechnology and applied biochemistry

Adnan Kisa

The pharmaceutical sales rep/physician relationship in Turkey: ethical issues in an international context. (2004)

In many developed countries, the physician/pharmaceutical sales representative relationship has increasingly become the focus of ethical questions. Given this context, the purpose of the present study... was to determine the ethical dilemmas faced by pharmaceutical sales representatives in Turkey in their relations with physicians, and to identify possible solutions. Through an investigator-designed questionnaire, the ethical problems perceived by 215 pharmaceutical sales representatives were quantitatively analyzed. Nearly all of the participants (96.7%) reported that they had faced ethical dilemmas in marketing drugs to physicians. The most commonly reported problems included paramedical requests (for free lab test kits, etc.) and the necessity of bargaining with physicians over the use of their firms drugs by offering gifts and sponsorships. The participants in the study felt that physicians were the primary source of ethical problems in the marketing of drugs, and the participants most highly ranked potential solution to these ethical problems was a better understanding, on the part of physicians, of the role of pharmaceutical sales representatives. At the end of this study, suggestions are given with a view to helping health policy makers understand and address the current controversies involving drug company representatives and physicians. Read more
Health marketing quarterly

MJ Rasaee

Essential strategies to optimize asymmetric PCR conditions as a reliable method to generate large amount of ssDNA aptamers. (2016)

Asymmetric PCR, a simple method to generate single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) aptamers in systematic evaluation of ligand by exponential enrichments rounds, is coupled with limitations. We investigated the ...essential strategies for optimization of conditions to perform a high-quality asymmetric PCR. Final concentrations of primers and template, the number of PCR cycles, and annealing temperature were selected as optimizing variables. The qualities of visualized PCR products were analyzed by ImageJ software. The highest proportion of interested DNA than unwanted products was considered as optimum conditions. Results revealed that the best values for primers ratio, final template concentration, annealing temperature, and PCR cycles were, respectively, 30:1, 1 ng/μL, 55 °C, and 20 cycles for the first and 50:1, 2 ng/μL, 59 °C, and 20 cycles for other rounds. No significant difference was found between optimized asymmetric PCR results in the rounds of two to eight (P > 0.05). The ssDNA quality in round 10 was significantly better than other rounds (P < 0.05). Generally, the ssDNA product with less dimers, double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), and smear are preferable. The dsDNA contamination is the worst, because it can act as antidote and inhibits aptameric performance. Therefore, to choose the best conditions, the lower amount of dsDNA is more important than other unwanted products. Read more
Biotechnology and applied biochemistry

Mohammad Najafi

Comparison of multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis typing of carbapenemases producing Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from burn patients. (2016)

Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the important causes of nosocomial infection especially in burn patients. So, carbapenemase producing strains can make serious therapeutic problems. Molecular epidemi...ology studies play key role in decreasing the incidence of carbapenemase producing strains. Read more
Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries

Mohammad Najafi

Neonatal thyroid screening in a mild iodine deficiency endemic area in Iran. (2008)

Evaluated serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), as an early index for diagnosis of neonatal hypothyroidism, indicates insufficient supply of thyroid hormones. Read more
Indian journal of medical sciences

MJ Rasaee

Preparation and biological evaluation of (177)Lu conjugated PR81 for radioimmunotherapy of breast cancer. (2011)

PR81 is a monoclonal antibody that binds with high affinity to MUC1 antigen that is over expressed in 80% of breast cancers. In this study, we developed a method for indirect labeling of PR81 with lut...etium-177 and performed all preclinical qualifications in production of a biologic agent for radioimmunotherapy of breast cancer. Read more
Nuclear medicine and biology

MJ Rasaee

Development of a nanogold-based immunochromatographic assay for detection of morphine in urine using the Amor-HK16 monoclonal antibody. (2012)

A simple, rapid competitive immunochromatography (ICG) strip test was developed to detect morphine in urine samples using a monoclonal antibody produced in-house and conjugated to gold nanoparticles. ...Hybridoma cells were cultured and the Amor-HK16 monoclonal antibody against morphine was obtained from the supernatant after purification by salting out and passing through a Protein G-Agarose affinity column. Morphine was obtained from morphine sulfate and a C6-hemisuccinate derivative of morphine was prepared, conjugated to bovine serum albumin, and immobilized to a nitrocellulose membrane as the test line. Goat anti-mouse antibody was used as a binder in the control line in the detection zone of the strip. Colloidal gold particles of diameter approximately 20 nm were prepared and conjugated to the monoclonal antibody. The detection limit of the test strip was found to be 2000 ng/mL of morphine in urine samples. Reliability was determined by performing the ICG test on 103 urine samples and comparing the results with those obtained by thin-layer chromatography. The sensitivity of the test was 100%, and the analysis time for the assay was approximately 5 min. The new ICG method was adequately sensitive and accurate for the rapid screening of morphine in urine. Read more
Hybridoma (2005)

Milad Bastami

In silico dissection of miRNA targetome polymorphisms and their role in regulating miRNA-mediated gene expression in esophageal cancer. (2016)

Esophageal cancer is the eighth most common cancer worldwide. Also middle-aged obese adults with higher body mass index during childhood have a greater risk to develop esophageal cancer. The contribut...ion of microRNAs to esophageal cancer has been extensively studied and it became clear that these noncoding RNAs may play crucial roles in pathogenesis, diagnosis and prognosis of the disease. Increasing evidences have suggested that polymorphisms perturbing microRNA targetome (i.e., the compendium of all microRNA target sites) are associated with cancers including esophageal cancer. However, the extent to which such variants contribute to esophageal cancer is still unclear. In this study, we applied an in silico approach to systematically identify polymorphisms perturbing microRNA targetome in esophageal cancer and performed various analyses to predict the functional consequences of the occurrence of these variants. The computational results were integrated to provide a prioritized list of the most potentially disrupting esophageal cancer-implicated microRNA targetome polymorphisms along with the in silico insight into the mechanisms with which such variations may modulate microRNA-mediated regulation. The results of this study will be valuable for future functional experiments aimed at dissecting the roles of microRNA targetome polymorphisms in the onset and progression of esophageal cancer. Read more
Cell biochemistry and biophysics

MJ Rasaee

Immunogencity of HSA-L7/L12 (Brucella abortus ribosomal protein) in an animal model. (2009)

The immunogenic Brucella abortus ribosomal protein L7/L12 is a promising candidate antigen for the development of subunit vaccines against brucellosis. Read more
Iranian journal of immunology : IJI