Adnan Kisa

Developments in patients rights in Turkey. (2002)

Today, the social, economic, cultural, ethical, and political climate has given rise to an international movement, that is re-evaluating the importance of patients rights. In Turkey, as competition co...ntinues to increase between public and private hospitals, the emphasis on presenting health care services in the most advantageous way has become a focal point of debate. As a result, patients rights issues are being actively discussed in both the private and public health care sectors in the country. In this study, the development of patients rights issues in Turkey is reviewed and the results of some selected descriptive studies are summarized. Suggestions are made toward policies for effective and efficient health care provision in terms of both broad and specific issues that have arisen in the field of patients rights. Read more
Medicine and law

MJ Rasaee

Retroviral transduction of fluonanobody and the variable domain of camelid heavy-chain antibodies to chicken embryonic cells. (2013)

Single domain antibodies from camel heavy chain antibodies (VHH or nanobody), are advantages due to higher solubility, stability, high homology with human antibody, lower immunogenicity and low molecu...lar weight. These criteria make them candidates for production of engineered antibody fragments particularly in transgenic animals. Read more
Iranian journal of immunology : IJI

Vahid Asgary

Novel imatinib-loaded silver nanoparticles for enhanced apoptosis of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. (2016)

In the current study, in vitro biological feature of imatinib-loaded silver nanoparticles (IMAB-AgNPs) on human breast cancer cell line was investigated. The formation of synthesized silver nanopartic...les (AgNPs) was characterized by UV-Visible spectroscopy, EDS, TEM imaging, SEM, FTIR, DLS and Zeta potentiometer. The developed IMAB-AgNPs with maximum percentage of loading efficiency was demonstrated in the average of 130 nm and mostly spherical. Additionally, in vitro drug release study showed a slow and continuous release of imatinib over a period of 80 h. We demonstrated that the synthesized IMAB-AgNPs exhibited a dose-dependent cytotoxicity against MCF-7 cell line. Then, real-time PCR method was also applied for the investigation of Bax and Bcl-2 gene expression in the cells. Comparing IMAB-AgNPs to AgNPs and Imatinib revealed the ability of IMAB-AgNPs to up-regulating Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. An induction of apoptosis was evidenced by Annexin-V/PI detection assay. Based on the current obtained data, the IMAB-AgNPs can exhibit inhibitory effect on viability through up regulation of apoptosis in MCF-7 cancer cells, which provides influencing evidence for the green synthesized AgNPs as a promising sustained drug delivery system. Read more
Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology

MohammadReza Alivand

Probable Chemical Hypoxia Effects on Progress of CNV Through Induction of Promoter CpG Demethylation and Overexpression of IL17RC in Human RPE Cells. (2016)

To survey the changes of promoter CpG methylation status and mRNA expression of IL17RC (interleukin 17 receptor C) gene in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells under chemical hypoxia condition for c...horoidal neovascularization (CNV) modeling in vitro. Read more
Current eye research

amir mirzadi gohari

Flexible gateway constructs for functional analyses of genes in plant pathogenic fungi. (2015)

Genetic manipulation of fungi requires quick, low-cost, efficient, high-throughput and molecular tools. In this paper, we report 22 entry constructs as new molecular tools based on the Gateway technol...ogy facilitating rapid construction of binary vectors that can be used for functional analysis of genes in fungi. The entry vectors for single, double or triple gene-deletion mutants were developed using hygromycin, geneticin and nourseothricin resistance genes as selection markers. Furthermore, entry vectors containing green fluorescent (GFP) or red fluorescent (RFP) in combination with hygromycin, geneticin or nourseothricin selection markers were generated. The latter vectors provide the possibility of gene deletion and simultaneous labelling of the fungal transformants with GFP or RFP reporter genes. The applicability of a number of entry vectors was validated in Zymoseptoria tritici, an important fungal wheat pathogen. Read more
Fungal genetics and biology : FG & B

MJ Rasaee

Production of recombinant scFv against p24 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 by phage display technology. (2014)

Phage display has a fundamental role in protein isolation and engineering. Isolated proteins produced with this method can be modified for specific binding and affinity. P24 is the most produced during human immune deficiency virus (HIV) replication; especially in the early steps of HIV-1 infection, its evaluation may have diagnostic values. To test the HIV-1 infection, p24 antigen assay appears to be a very promising alternative to RNA assays. In this study, we have generated a recombinant mouse single chain antibody fragment against p24 of the HIV-1 with the use of phage display technology. After isolation of antibody variable-region (V) gene of B cells extracted from the spleen of an immunized mouse, a library of single chain Fv fragments (scFv) was constructed. The library was used in a series of bio-panning processes against recombinant p24 protein expressed from Escherichia coli. The isolated scFv antibody specifically recognizes the HIV-1 capsid protein p24. The affinity constant of the isolated scFv antibody (MF85) was found to be 2×10(-9) M. Our studies showed that the MF85 scFV antibody has similar properties as that of monoclonal antibodies produced by the hybridoma technology. Read more
Monoclonal antibodies in immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy

Vahid Asgary

M2000 (β-D-Mannuronic Acid) as a Novel Antagonist for Blocking the TLR2 and TLR4 Downstream Signalling Pathway. (2017)

To date, selective blockade of Toll-like receptor (TLR) signalling has been developed as a new approach for treatment for many inflammatory diseases. As β-D-mannuronic acid (M2000) has been known as a...n anti-inflammatory molecule in several experimental models, we investigated the antagonistic effects of M2000 on TLR2 and TLR4 downstream signalling transduction pathway in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cell lines overexpressing TLR2/CD14 and the TLR4/MD2/CD14 complex, respectively. M2000 effectively inhibited mRNA expression of MyD88 and p65, major subunit of nuclear factor-κB, in HEK293 cells stimulated by lipoteichoic acid (LTA, a TLR2 agonist) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS, a TLR4 agonist) with no evidence of cytotoxicity. In addition, M2000 also suppressed LTA and LPS-induced production of TNF-α and IL-6 inflammatory cytokines in these cells. Furthermore, the results revealed that M2000 had no significant effect on Tollip mRNA expression as a negative regulator of TLR signalling in aforesaid cells. Overall, these data point to M2000 inhibitory effect on Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, 4 signalling in HEK293 cells. This information might provide new insights into the possible roles of this small drug in order to introduce it as a TLR signalling pathway inhibitor. However, more studies are needed to confirm β-D-mannuronic acid antagonistic effects including the effects of M2000 on peritoneal isolated macrophages and also on blood cells in patients with inflammatory diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis. Read more
Scandinavian journal of immunology

Adnan Kisa

A review of the effect of pharmaceutical firm drug announcements on stock option pricing. (2009)

Since the Black and Sholes published their work in option pricing in 1973, there have been a great number of dissertations, theses, and articles published on options pricing. Several articles discusse...d American options and European options. Many articles where empirical in nature. In this article, we review some of the literature in this area and then discuss in a descriptive way the effect of pharmaceutical companies announcements of new drugs on the market or drug withdrawals from the market on their stock options. This article should be the beginning of the discussion on how stock prices might affect the cost of drugs and the affect of the affordability of drug prices, if any. Read more
Journal of health care finance

Milad Bastami

MAP3K1 May be a Promising Susceptibility Gene for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in an Iranian Population. (2016)

Considering that MAPK (mitogen- activated protein kinase) signaling pathway has an important role in the progression of inflammatory cytokine secretion in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), we have rece...ntly investigated the reported genetic polymorphism from genome wide association study in MAP3K1 (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 1) in diabetes as an important member of MAPK signaling. This study aimed to investigate the possible association of rs10461617 at the upstream of MAP3K1 gene in an Iranian case-control study with the risk of T2DM. The study population was comprised of 342 unrelated Iranian individuals including 177 patients with T2DM and 165 unrelated healthy control subjects. Genotyping was performed using PCR-RFLP and confirmed with sequencing. In a logistic regression analysis, the rs10461617A allele was associated with a significantly higher risk of T2DM assuming the log- additive model (OR: 1.44, 95% CI: 1.01-2.05, P = 0.039). In conclusion, we provided the first evidence for the association of rs10461617 at the upstream of MAP3K1 with the risk of T2DM in an Iranian population. Read more
International journal of molecular and cellular medicine

MJ Rasaee

Characterization of pharmacological properties of isolated single-stranded DNA aptamers against angiotensin II. (2016)

Nucleic acid aptamers can be served as drugs, carriers and diagnostic probes in living systems. Before recruiting aptamers, their pharmacological characteristics should be determined. Here we intended... to investigate four important properties of isolated ssDNA anti-angiotensin II aptamers (FLC112 and FLC125) including hemolytic activity, cytotoxicity, immunogenicity and serum stability through in vitro and in vivo models. The hemolytic effect and cytotoxicity potential of aptamers were measured through hemolysis test and MTT assay respectively. In the following test, the humoral immune responses to aptamers in BALB/c mice were assessed. The human serum stability of aptamers was also determined using real-time PCR (qPCR). The results of this study revealed that the FLC112 aptamer with its unique structure had slightly higher cytotoxicity and hemolysis effect (9.14% and 0.1 ± 0.037% respectively) relative to FLC125 (8.07% and 0.08 ± 0.045% respectively) at the highest concentration (5 μM). FLC112 showed ignorable immune response in mice and barely higher than FLC125. Serum stability test confirmed that FLC112 with 12 h had more nuclease stability than FLC125 with 8 h. Aptamer molecule analysis revealed that the structure, sequense composition and motifs are the determinative parameters in aptamer pharmacological properties. Read more
Molecular and cellular probes

Fertility Biocenter

Functionality of natural killer cells from end-stage cancer patients exposed to coherent electromagnetic fields. (2011)

The main objective of our study is to investigate whether an enhancement of the immune system in end-stage cancer patients is achieved by exposure to coherent electromagnetic fields. For this reason, ...15 end-stage cancer patients were exposed at low intensity, coherent electromagnetic fields at radiofrequencies ranging from 600 kHz-729 Hz, for 8 h/day, 6 days/week for 4 weeks. NKs number and cytotoxicity of NK T-lymphocytes versus K562 cancer cell line were estimated by flow cytometry, before and after exposure. Data showed that the exposure of the end-stage cancer patients to the coherent electromagnetic fields resulted in a significant increase of the number and the cytotoxicity of the NK T-lymphocytes against cancer cells, in all patients. Exposure to coherent EMFs at radiofrequencies increases the number and cytotoxicity of NK T-lymphocytes, which may contribute to the improvement of cancer patients status. Read more
Electromagnetic biology and medicine

MJ Rasaee

Radioimmunotherapy of MCF7 breast cancer cell line with 131I-PR81 monoclonal antibody against MUC1: comparison of direct and indirect radioiodination methods. (2010)

PR81 is a monoclonal antibody that binds with high affinity to MUC1, which is over expressed on breast and other tumors. The objective of this study was to compare the two labeling methods (direct and... indirect radioiodination) for application of this antibody against MUC1 as a radioimmunotherapeutical agent.Monoclonal antibody (PR81) against the tandem repeat of the core protein (MUC1) was prepared, characterized, purified, and labeled with 131I using the direct (chloramin-T) and indirect (Fmoc-D-Tyr (tBu)-D-Tyr (tBu)-D-Lys (Boc)-OH (YYK) attached to N-hydroxysuccinimide as a linker between PR81 and 131I) methods. The immunoreactivity of 131I-PR81 and 131I-TP-PR81 complexes with MUC1 (the native protein), BSA-P20 (a 20 amino acid corresponding the tandem repeat of MUC1) and MCF7 cell line were performed by RIA. In vitro stability of 131I-PR81 and 131I-YYK-peptide-PR81 complexes in human serum was determined by thin layer chromatography (TLC). Cell toxicity and in vitro internalization studies were performed with the MCF7 cell line, and the tissue biodistribution of the 131I-PR81 and 131I- YYK-peptide -PR81 complexes was evaluated in normal BALB/c mice at 4, 24 and 48 hrs. The labeling efficiency was determined by measuring the percentage recovery of radioactivity in the final product relative to the initial activity in the shipment vial, was found to be 59.9% +/- 7.9% for direct and 50% +/- 3.2% for indirect methods. 131I-PR81 and 131I- YYK- peptide -PR81 complexes showed high immunoreactivity towards MUC1 protein, BSA-P20 and MCF7 cell line. In vitro stability of the labeled products in human serum which was measured by thin layer chromatography (TLC) was found to be more than 50% over 24 hr for 131I-PR81 and 70% for 131I- YYK-peptide -PR81 complexes. Cell toxicity and in vitro internalization studies showed that the 131I-PR81 and 131I- YYK-peptide -PR81 complexes inhibited 80% growth of the MCF7 cultured cell lines in vitro in a high concentration and up to 40% of the 131I-PR81 and 60% of the 131I- YYK-peptide -PR81 complexes internalized after 24 h. Biodistribution studies were performed in normal BALB/c mice at 4, 24 and 48 hrs post-injection. Thyroid and stomach levels from PR81 labeled with 131I- YYK-peptide were two- to three- fold less than those with directly labeled 131I-PR81, suggesting low recognition of its D-iodotyrosine residue by endogenous deiodinase. These results show that the indirect labeling was better than the indirect labeling and 131I- YYK-peptide -PR81 may be considered as a promising candidate for therapy of breast cancer. Read more
Human antibodies

Mohammad Najafi

Expression levels of the BAK1 and BCL2 genes highlight the role of apoptosis in age-related hearing impairment. (2016)

Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI) is a progressive and a common sensory disorder in the elderly and will become an increasingly important clinical problem given the growing elderly population. Apo...ptosis of cochlear cells is an important factor in animal models of ARHI. As these cells cannot regenerate, their loss leads to irreversible hearing impairment. Identification of molecular mechanisms can facilitate disease prevention and effective treatment. In this study, we compared the expression of the genes BAK1 and BCL2 as two arms of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway between patients with ARHI and healthy subjects. ARHI and healthy subjects were selected after an ear nose throat examination, otoscopic investigation, and pure tone audiometry. RNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples, and relative gene expression levels were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. BAK1 and the BAK1/BCL2 ratio were statistically significantly upregulated in the ARHI subjects. The BAK1/BCL2 ratio was positively correlated with the results of the audiometric tests. Our results indicate that BAK-mediated apoptosis may be a core mechanism in the progression of ARHI in humans, similar to finding in animal models. Moreover, the gene expression changes in peripheral blood samples could be used as a rapid and simple biomarker for early detection of ARHI. Read more
Clinical interventions in aging

MJ Rasaee

Nanobody-based chimeric receptor gene integration in Jurkat cells mediated by φC31 integrase. (2011)

The crucial role of T lymphocytes in anti-tumor immunity has led to the development of novel strategies that can target and activate T cells against tumor cells. Recombinant DNA technology has been us...ed to generate non-MHC-restricted chimeric antigen receptors (CARs). Here, we constructed a panel of recombinant CAR that harbors the anti-MUC1 nanobody and the signaling and co-signaling moieties (CD3ζ/CD28) with different spacer regions derived from human IgG3 with one or two repeats of the hinge sequence or the hinge region of FcγRII. The PhiC31 integrase system was employed to investigate if the recombination efficiency could be recruited for high and stable expression of T cell chimeric receptor genes. The effect of nuclear localization signal (NLS) and two different promoters (CMV and CAG) on efficacy of PhiC31 integrase in human T cell lines was evaluated. The presence of integrase in combination with NLS, mediated up to 7.6 and 8.5 fold increases in CAR expression in ZCHN-attB and ZCHHN-attB cassette integrated T cells, respectively. Our results showed that highly efficient and stable transduction of the Jurkat cell line by PhiC31 integrase is a feasible modality for generating anti-cancer chimeric T cells for use in cancer immunotherapy. Read more
Experimental cell research

MJ Rasaee

Preparation and characterization of monoclonal antibody against melatonin. (2008)

Anti-melatonin monoclonal antibodies (MAb) were prepared following coupling melatonin to bovine serum albumin (BSA) by Mannich reaction. Balb/c mice were immunized via injection of the melatonin-BSA i...ntraperitonally. The spleen cells producing high titer of antibody were fused with myeloma cells of SP2/0 origin. After two limiting dilutions, two stable clones (AS-H10 and AS-D26) exhibiting best properties were selected for further studies. The class and subclass of two MAbs were found to be IgG(1) and IgG(2a) with lambda and kappa light chains, respectively. Antibodies secreted by these two clones showed high affinity of about 10(9)M(1). Study of the specificity criteria showed that these clones had no cross reactivity with indolic, aromatic, and imidazole ring-containing compounds, and had high specificity towards melatonin. The calibration curve was constructed with a sensitivity range of 10 ng/mL to 10 microg/mL. In conclusion, these MAbs may be useful for immunoassay of melatonin. Read more
Hybridoma (2005)

Mohammad Najafi

Investigation of Histone Lysine-Specific Demethylase 5D KDM5D) Isoform Expression in Prostate Cancer Cell Lines: a System Approach. (2016)

It is now well-demonstrated that histone demethylases play an important role in developmental controls, cell-fate decisions, and a variety of diseases such as cancer. Lysine-specific demethylase 5D (K...DM5D) is a male-specific histone demethylase that specifically demethylates di- and tri-methyl H3K4 at the start site of active gene. In this light, the aim of this study was to investigate isoform/transcript-specific expression profiles of KDM5D in three prostate cancer cell lines, Du-145, LNCaP, and PC3. Read more
Iranian biomedical journal

Vahid Asgary

Development of a Time and Cost Benefit Antibody Binding Test-Based Method for Determination of Rabies Vaccine Potency. (2017)

This study is an improvement on the antibody binding test, known as ABT method, to develop a simple and fast method in comparison with NIH for determination of rabies vaccine potency. In the current s...tudy, several commercial human and veterinary vaccines were tested using both modified ABT and NIH methods. The ED50 was calculated using the probit method and the relative potency of each vaccine was measured based on the reference vaccine. The test was repeated four times to calculate the reproducibility of the method. Statistical analysis indicated that there was no significant difference between the result obtained from NIH and modified ABT method for either human or veterinary vaccines (p > 0.05). In addition, the linearity of the method (R(2)) was calculated as 0.94 by serial dilution of a test vaccine. Coefficient variances were determined as less than and more than 10% for the human and veterinary rabies vaccines, respectively. In conclusion, the findings suggest that the modified method could be considered as an alternative approach for rabies vaccine potency determination in in-process quality control tests at industrial scale. It is a time and cost benefit method and accuracy may further be increased by employing monoclonal antibodies against trimeric form of G glycoprotein. However, the use of serum samples may be useful compared with an artificial mix of antibodies because other components from the serum samples could have a positive impact on cell sensitivity and mimic more the complexity of the immune response. Although the modified test has solved a fundamental problem, it is still not sensitive enough for veterinary vaccine assessment and needs further modifications to obtain the acceptability criteria. Read more
Viral immunology

ali jomehri

Nurses computer literacy and attitudes towards the use of computers in health care. (2015)

This descriptive and cross-sectional study was designed to address nurses computer literacy and attitudes towards the use of computers in health care and to determine the correlation between these two... variables. This study was conducted with the participation of 688 nurses who worked at two university-affiliated hospitals. These nurses were chosen using a stratified random sampling method. The data were collected using the Multicomponent Assessment of Computer Literacy and the Pretest for Attitudes Towards Computers in Healthcare Assessment Scale v. 2. The nurses, in general, had positive attitudes towards computers, and their computer literacy was good. Computer literacy in general had significant positive correlations with individual elements of computer competency and with attitudes towards computers. If the computer is to be an effective and beneficial part of the health-care system, it is necessary to help nurses improve their computer competency. Read more
International journal of nursing practice

MJ Rasaee

Epitope mapping of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody and induction of growth-inhibitory polyclonal antibodies by vaccination with EGFR mimotope. (2014)

One of the proposed approaches in cancer therapy is to induce and direct the patients own immune system against cancer cells. In this study, we determined the epitope mapping of the rat anti-human epi...dermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody ICR-62 using a phage display of random peptide library and identified a 12 amino acids peptide, which was recognized as a mimotope. The peptide was synthesized and conjugated to bovine serum albumin (BSA) as carrier protein (P-BSA). We have shown that ICR-62 can react specifically with P-BSA as well as native EGFR. Two rabbits were immunized either by BSA or P-BSA and the rabbits IgGs were purified and examined for binding to the antigens, mimotope and the EGFR protein purified from the EGFR overexpressing A431 cell line. We showed that the rabbit IgG generated against the mimotope is capable of inhibiting the growth of A431 cells by 15%, but does not have any effect on the growth of EGFR-negative MDA-MB-453 cell line in vitro. Our results support the need for further investigations on the potential of vaccination with either mimotope of the EGFR or epitope displayed on the surface of phage particles for use in active immunotherapy of cancer. Read more
Immunopharmacology and immunotoxicology

MJ Rasaee

Opium induces apoptosis in jurkat cells.

The direct effect of some opioids on immune cells has been demonstrated. The aim of this study was to assess the apoptotic effect of opium on Jurkat T lymphocyte cells. Read more
Addiction & health

MJ Rasaee

Combined MUC1-specific nanobody-tagged PEG-polyethylenimine polyplex targeting and transcriptional targeting of tBid transgene for directed killing of MUC1 over-expressing tumour cells. (2011)

We provide evidence for combining a single domain antibody (nanobody)-based targeting approach with transcriptional targeting as a safe way to deliver lethal transgenes to MUC1 over-expressing cancer ...cells. From a nanobody immune library, we have isolated an anti-DF3/Mucin1 (MUC1) nanobody with high specificity for the MUC1 antigen, which is an aberrantly glycosylated glycoprotein over-expressed in tumours of epithelial origin. The anti-MUC1 nanobody was covalently linked to the distal end of poly(ethylene glycol)(3500) (PEG(3500)) in PEG(3500)-25kDa polyethylenimine (PEI) conjugates and the resultant macromolecular entity successfully condensed plasmids coding a transcriptionally targeted truncated-Bid (tBid) killer gene under the control of the cancer-specific MUC1 promoter. The engineered polyplexes exhibited favourable physicochemical characteristics for transfection and dramatically elevated the level of Bid/tBid expression in both MUC1 over-expressing caspase 3-deficient (MCF7 cells) and caspase 3-positive (T47D and SKBR3) tumour cell lines and, concomitantly, induced considerable cell death. Neither transgene expression nor cell death occurred when the MUC1 promoter was replaced with the CNS-specific synapsin I promoter. Since PEGylated PEI was only responsible for DNA compaction and played no significant role in direct transfection and cell killing, our attempts overcome previously reported PEI-mediated apoptotic and necrotic cell death, which is advantageous for future in vivo transcriptional targeting as this will minimize (or eliminate) non-targeted cell damage. Read more
Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society

MJ Rasaee

Structure prediction, expression, and antigenicity of c-terminal of GRP78. (2017)

Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is a typical endoplasmic reticulum luminal chaperone having a main role in the activation of the unfolded protein response. Because of hypoxia and nutrient depriva...tion in the tumor microenvironment, expression of GRP78 in these cells becomes higher than the native cells, which makes it a suitable candidate for cancer targeting. Suppression of survival signals by antibody production against C-terminal domain of GR78 (CGRP) can induce apoptosis of cancer cells. The aim of this study was in silico analysis, recombinant production, and characterization of CGRP in Escherichia coli. Structural prediction of CGRP by bioinformatics tools was done and the construct containing optimized sequence was transferred to E. coli T7 shuffle. Expression was induced by isopropyl-β-d-thiogalactoside, and recombinant protein was purified by Ni-NTA agarose resin. The content of secondary structures was obtained by circular dichroism (CD) spectrum. CGRP immunogenicity was evaluated from the immunized mouse sera. SDS-PAGE analysis showed CGRP expression in E. coli. CD spectrum also confirmed prediction of structures by bioinformatics tools. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using sera from immunized mice revealed CGRP as a good immunogen. The results obtained in this study showed that the structure of truncated CGRP is very similar to its structure in the whole protein context. This protein can be used in cancer researches. Read more
Biotechnology and applied biochemistry

rahman hallaj

Amperometric and voltammetric detection of hydrazine using glassy carbon electrodes modified with carbon nanotubes and catechol derivatives. (2008)

A simple procedure was developed to prepare a glassy carbon (GC) electrode modified with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and catechol compounds. First, 25 microL of DMSO-CNTs solutions (0.4 mg/mL) was cast on... the surface of GC electrode and dried in air to form a CNTs film. Then the GC/CNTs modified electrode immersed into a chlorogenic acid, catechine hydrate and caffeic acid solution (electroless deposition) for a short period of time (2-80s). The cyclic voltammogram of the modified electrode in aqueous solution shows a pair of well-defined, stable and nearly reversible redox couple (quinone/hydroquinone) with surface confined characteristics. The combination of unique electronic and electrocatalytic properties of CNTs and catechol compounds results in a remarkable synergistic augmentation on the response. The electrochemical reversibility and stability of modified electrode prepared with incorporation of catechol compound into CNTs film was evaluated and compared with usual methods for attachment of catechols to electrode surfaces. The transfer coefficient (alpha), heterogeneous electron transfer rate constants (k(s)) and surface concentrations (Gamma) for GC/CNTs/catechol compound modified electrodes were calculated through the cyclic voltammetry technique. The modified electrodes showed excellent catalytic activity, fast response time and high sensitivity toward oxidation of hydrazine in phosphate buffer solutions at pH range 4-8. The modified electrode retains its initial response for at least 2 months if stored in dry ambient condition. The properties of modified electrodes as an amperometric sensor for micromolar or lower concentration detection of hydrazine have been characterized. Read more

MJ Rasaee

Development of [⁶⁴Cu]-DOTA-PR81 radioimmunoconjugate for MUC-1 positive PET imaging. (2016)

Breast cancer radioimmunoscintigraphy targeting MUC1 expression is a growing field of work in nuclear medicine research. PR81 is a monoclonal antibody that binds with high affinity to MUC1, which is o...ver expressed on breast tumors. In this study, we report production, quality control and preclinical qualifications of a copper-64 labeled PR81 for PET imaging of breast cancer. Read more
Nuclear medicine and biology

MJ Rasaee

Comparison of (99m)Tc-labeled PR81 and its F(ab)₂ fragments as radioimmunoscintigraphy agents for breast cancer imaging. (2011)

We digested anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody PR81 to produce F(ab)₂ fragments. A comparison was performed between the two radiolabeled PR81 and F(ab)₂ fragments for breast tumor imaging in a mouse model. Read more
Annals of nuclear medicine

Mohammad Najafi

System study of MPO promoter high-frequency polymorphic variants on transcription factor network. (2015)

The neutrophil myeloperoxidase (MPO) promotes the oxidative stress by the production of active chlorinated molecules. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MPO promoter poly...morphic variants (rs2243827 and rs2333227) and, its serum level in patients with the stenosis of coronary arteries. Furthermore, a system approach was applied to create the MPO transcription factor network. A total of one hundred fifty six subjects (controls, stenosis<5%, n=71 and patients, stenosis>70%, n=85) undergoing coronary angiography were recruited. The polymorphic haplotypes and serum MPO level were identified using ARMS-PCR and ELISA techniques, respectively. The MPO transcription factor network was primarily created with PSICQUIC and ChIP data and, was improved with the predicted transcription factors. The regression analyses did not show an association between the serum MPO level and the extent of stenosis in coronary arteries. The network showed that the predicted transcription factors at the flanking regions of polymorphic variants are not directly interacted to MPO. In conclusion, the population and prediction studies showed no association between the serum MPO level, the promoter high-frequency polymorphic frequencies and the extent of stenosis in coronary arteries. A gene sub-cluster with MYB as central node was suggested to be involved with MPO on the transcription factor network. Read more

Reza Salman Yazdi

Predictive values of anti-müllerian hormone, antral follicle count and ovarian response prediction index (ORPI) for assisted reproductive technology outcomes. (2017)

This prospective study was performed from June 2012 to June 2014 at Royan Institute to compare the predictive values of serum anti-müllerian hormone (AMH), antral follicle count (AFC) and ovarian resp...onse prediction index (ORPI) ([AFC × AMH]/age) for in vitro fertilisation/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycle outcomes. Five hundred and fifty women included in the study with male factor and unexplained infertility were the first candidates for IVF/ICSI cycles. Serum AMH level was measured by a commercial ELISA kit and AFC was calculated by a transvaginal ultrasonography on day 2-3 of the menstrual cycle before starting ovarian stimulation. All women underwent IVF/ICSI cycles using a long standard protocol with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist. The receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) analysis showed that both AMH and AFC were good predictors of ovarian response with an area under the curves (AUC) > 0.75; even it seems that AFC was being a better predictor. Combining these variables is necessary as ORPI will not improve the prediction value. All the variables had poor predictive ability (AUC <0.60) for clinical pregnancy and live birth rates. Logistic regression analysis showed the AMH less than 0.4 ng/ml and quality of transferred embryos were significant predictors for clinical pregnancy rate. Read more
Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Reza Salman Yazdi

Association of Ureaplasma urealyticum infection with varicocele-related infertility. (2008)

The role of seminal colonization of Ureaplasma urealyticum in varicocele-related infertility was investigated. Read more
Journal of infection in developing countries

Adnan Kisa

Diabetes education program for people with type 2 diabetes: An international perspective. (2016)

In the Palestinian community, lifestyle changes, rapid urbanization and socioeconomic development, stress, smoking, and changes in food habits has increased the risk of non-communicable diseases espec...ially diabetes mellitus. Diabetes complications can be prevented if the glycemic status of patients with diabetes is maintained within a nearly normal range. Therefore, patient education is critical in controlling blood glucose levels within the normal range. Read more
Evaluation and program planning

Adnan Kisa

Is the Turkish health care system ready to be a part of the European Union? (2002)

Lately, Turkey is struggling to recover from the economic effects of the economic crisis so that the government officials are trying to impose budget cuts in health and education sectors. After the Un...ited States, the countrys national defense expenditures are the highest among the NATO countries. Therefore, Turkey allocates only 3-4% of the gross domestic product for health care expenses. Overall, the health status in Turkey is the lowest among the European Union countries; infant mortality rate is about 45 per 1000 live births, which is the highest on the European continent, and per capita health care expenditure is $120. Although 75% of the people are covered by some type of public insurance, 25% of the Turkish people do not have any insurance coverage. The national system is funded by taxes (43%), out of pocket payments (32%), and social and private insurance premiums (25%). This study examines whether Turkey is ready to be a part of the European Union in terms of the health sector of its economy and health status of its people. Read more
Journal of medical systems

Reza Salman Yazdi

Hyaluronic Acid Binding Assay Is Highly Sensitive to Select Human Spermatozoa with Good Progressive Motility, Morphology, and Nuclear Maturity. (2016)

This study was performed to evaluate the correlation of hyaluronic acid binding assay (HBA) with conventional semen parameters, lipid peroxidation (LPO), intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), D...NA fragmentation (DF), DNA maturity and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) level in human spermatozoa. Read more
Gynecologic and obstetric investigation

Reza Salman Yazdi

Effect of Ramadan Fasting on Stress Neurohormones in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. (2015)

To determine the effects of Ramadan fasting on serum levels of stress neurohormones in Iranian women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Read more
Journal of family & reproductive health

Adnan Kisa

Conflict management in public university hospitals in Turkey: a pilot study.

By nature, hospitals are extremely complex organizations, combining many different professional groups within an intricate administrative structure. Conflicts therefore expectedly arise between indivi...duals, groups, and departments. It is in the interest of health care administrators to periodically assess the major factors giving rise to these conflicts. In this study, a questionnaire designed to measure sources of conflict in the workplace was completed by 204 staff members at Gazi University Hospital. Of the participants, 30.9% were physicians, and 12.5% were administrators at various levels; 61.5% were female, and 38.5% were male. In terms of work experience, 52.6% of participants had worked less than 5 years at the hospital. The results of the study show that educational differences among the hospital staff were a major barrier to good communication and information flow between groups. Professionals in the same specialties experienced fewer conflicts. Another source of conflict was that resource allocation was considered unfair across departments. Although the hospital management provided an ombudsman for staff concerns, staff rarely resorted to the ombudsman because of the stigma associated with complaining. A lack of opportunity for career advancement was mentioned by 52% of the participants as a source of conflict. At present, job performance and rewards are not closely related in public university hospitals in Turkey because promotions and pay raises are strictly limited by law. Bureaucracy was also perceived to be a source of conflict, with 48.4% of participants saying that their performance was less than optimal because of the presence of multiple supervisors. This pilot study suggests that in Turkey, legislative reform is needed to give public university hospitals more flexibility regarding work incentives, open-door policies at the administrative level, and social interactions to improve teamwork among hospital staff. Read more
The health care manager

MJ Rasaee

Eliciting an antibody response against a recombinant TSH containing fusion protein. (2016)

Designing novel antigens to rise specific antibodies for Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) detection is of great significance. A novel fusion protein consisting of the C termini sequence of TSH beta s...ubunit and a fusion sequence was designed and produced for rabbit immunization. Thereafter, the produced antibodies were purified and characterized for TSH detection. Our results indicate that the produced antibody is capable of sensitive and specific detection of TSH with low cross reactivity. This study underscores the applicability of designed fusion protein for specific and sensitive polyclonal antibody production and the importance of selecting an amenable region of the TSH for immunization. Read more
Journal of immunoassay & immunochemistry

Reza Salman Yazdi

Oxidative Stress Statues in Serum and Follicular Fluid of Women with Endometriosis. (2017)

This study aimed to evaluate the levels of two oxidative stress (OS) markers including lipid peroxide (LPO) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in both serum and follicular fluid (FF) of women with e...ndometriosis after puncture. Read more
Cell journal

rahman hallaj

Immobilization of glucose oxidase onto a novel platform based on modified TiO2 and graphene oxide, direct electrochemistry, catalytic and photocatalytic activity. (2017)

In this work a new organic-inorganic nanocomposite has been introduced for enzyme immobilization. The composite consisting of graphene oxide (GO) and titanium oxide nanoparticles (TiO2) modified with ...2, 2-dithioxo-3, 3-bis (3-(triethoxysilyl) propyl)-2H, 2H-[5, 5-bithiazolylidene]-4, 4(3H, 3H)-dione as Organic-Inorganic Supporting Ligand (OISL). The OISL was covalently attached to TiO2 nanoparticles and employed for obtaining a suitable solid surface to enzyme attachment. The glucose oxidase (GOD) was irreversibly loaded on the GC/GO/TiO2-OISL using consecutive cyclic voltammetry. The enzyme immobilization and the enzymatic activity were determined by electrochemical methods. The cyclic voltammogram displayed a pair of well-defined and nearly symmetric redox peaks with a formal potential of -0.465V and an apparent electron transfer rate constant of 1.74s(-1). The GO/TiO2-OISL can catalyze the electroreduction and electrooxidation of hydrogen peroxide. The GC/GO/TiO2-OISL/GOD electrode was used in the hydrogen peroxide determination. The fabricated nanobiocomposite shows dramatic photoelectrocatalytic activity which evaluated by studying the electrocatalytic activity of the fabricated electrode toward hydrogen peroxide in darkness and in the presences of light. Read more
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications

Mohammad Najafi

The potential role for use of mitochondrial DNA copy number as predictive biomarker in presbycusis. (2016)

Age-related hearing impairment, or presbycusis, is the most common communication disorder and neurodegenerative disease in the elderly. Its prevalence is expected to increase, due to the trend of of the elderly population. The current diagnostic test for detection of presbycusis is implemented after there has been a change in hearing sensitivity. Identification of a pre-diagnostic biomarker would raise the possibility of preserving hearing sensitivity before damage occurs. Mitochondrial dysfunction, including the production of reactive oxygen species and induction of expression of apoptotic genes, participates in the progression of presbycusis. Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation has a critical role in presbycusis. However, the nature of the relationship between mitochondrial DNA copy number, an important biomarker in many other diseases, and presbycusis is undetermined. Read more
Therapeutics and clinical risk management

rahman hallaj

Immobilization of hemoglobin on electrodeposited cobalt-oxide nanoparticles: direct voltammetry and electrocatalytic activity. (2007)

Cyclic voltammetry at potential range -1.1 to 0.5 V from aqueous buffer solution (pH 7) containing CoCl(2) produced a well defined cobalt oxide (CoOx) nanoparticles deposited on the surface of glassy ...carbon electrode. The morphology of the modified surface and cobalt oxide formation was examined with SEM and cyclic voltammetry techniques. Hemoglobin (Hb) was successfully immobilized in cobalt-oxide nanoparticles modified glassy carbon electrode. Immobilization of hemoglobin onto cobalt oxide nanoparticles have been investigated by cyclic voltammetry and UV-visible spectroscopy. The entrapped protein can take direct electron transfer in cobalt-oxide film. A pair of well defined, quasi-reversible cyclic voltammetric peaks at about -0.08 V vs. SCE (pH 7), characteristic of heme redox couple (Fe(III)/Fe(II)) of hemoglobin, and the response showed surface controlled electrode process. The dependence of formal potential (E(0)) on the solution pH (56 mV pH(-1)) indicated that the direct electron transfer reaction of hemoglobin was a one-electron transfer coupled with a one proton transfer reaction process. The average surface coverage of Hb immobilized on the cobalt oxide nanoparticles was about 5.2536x10(-11) mol cm(-2), indicating high loading ability of nanoparticles for hemoglobin entrapment. The heterogeneous electron transfer rate constant (k(s)) was 1.43 s(-1), indicating great of facilitation of the electron transfer between Hb and electrodeposited cobalt oxide nanoparticles. Modified electrode exhibits a remarkable electrocatalytic activity for the reduction of hydrogen peroxide and oxygen. The Michaels-Menten constant K(m) of 0.38 mM, indicating that the Hb immobilized onto cobalt oxide film retained its peroxidases activity. The biosensor exhibited a fast amperometric response <5 s, a linear response over a wide concentration range 5 microM to 700 microM and a low detection limit 0.5 microM. According to the direct electron transfer property and enhanced activity of Hb in cobalt oxide film, a third generation reagentless biosensor without using any electron transfer mediator or specific reagent can be constructed for determination of hydrogen peroxide in anaerobic solutions. Read more
Biophysical chemistry

MJ Rasaee

A caspase 8-based suicide switch induces apoptosis in nanobody-directed chimeric receptor expressing T cells. (2012)

In accordance with the two-step hypothesis of T cell activation and the observation that stimulation through the T cell receptor (TCR) alone may lead to anergy, we focused on the introduction of co-st...imulatory signaling to this type of receptors to achieve optimal activation. Enhanced mRNA and cell surface receptor expression via the co-stimulatory gene fragment (OX40) was confirmed by RT-PCR and flow cytometry. Inclusion of the OX40 co-stimulatory signaling region in series with the TCR led to enhanced antigen-induced IL-2 production after stimulation by MUC1-expressing cancer cell lines as compared to the chimeric receptor without OX40. Moreover, with the aim of maintaining high efficiency, while providing a means of controlling any possible unwanted proliferation in vivo, a regulation system was used. This controls the dimerization of a membrane-bound caspase 8 protein. Toward that goal, pFKC8 and CAR constructs were co-transfected into Jurkat cells, and the level of apoptosis was measured. 24 h after addition of the dimerizer, a 91% decrease in transfected cells was observed. Read more
International journal of hematology

Adnan Kisa

The influence of financial officers on the decision-making process in health facilities: a study in Ankara.

Financial officers in health facilities currently face 2 main duties. The first is to help the management team in the decision-making process and the second is to ensure the integrity of financial rep...orts to outsiders and outside agencies. A roster of 191 private outpatient clinics in Ankara was drawn up. Fourteen private hospitals and 66 private clinics were included in the study via systematic sampling. Financial officers perceptions of involvement in 46 decisions (grouped as strategic decisions, accounting and assessment, and nonfinancial decisions) were gauged using a responsive scale ranging from 1 (no involvement) to 5 (greatly involved). Involvement was defined as the extent of participation in specific decision-making issues. High involvement is assumed to be tantamount to influence and can be visualized in the extent to which financial officers could challenge plans, recommend or disapprove, or take a very significant role in reaching decisions. The results of the study show that in the dynamic environment in which health facilities operate, the financial officers role is somewhat equivocal. The study suggests that the power and influence of financial officers should be defined in such a way so as to develop a clear role for these members of the management team. Read more
The health care manager

Adnan Kisa

National health system steps in Turkey: concerns of family physician residents in Turkey regarding the proposed national family physician system.

Many countries are currently struggling with the public desire for improved health care and provision of basic services on the one hand, and the rising costs of health care on the other. Turkey is acu...tely experiencing this problem because of its relatively advanced level of economic development and its relatively low level of health status compared to Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and European Union countries. Since 1990, there has been vigorous debate in the Turkish society regarding the best way to improve public health through improved primary health care. The current government is pursuing a proposal that has been mentioned before, but in a more serious effort than has been previously made. This is an approach to primary care based on systems such as those in the United Kingdom and in Germany, and the basic components are family physicians who have a particular list of patients whom they provide care for. Financing of the system is to be provided with a new general health insurance scheme. In this study, 38 family practice residents at the 3 major training hospitals for this specialty completed an investigator-designed questionnaire for the purpose of characterizing their concerns regarding this proposed system of primary health care delivery. The participants responses indicated that the new system, which is known as the Family Physician System, will contribute importantly toward raising the overall level of health in Turkey. Specific expected benefits include closer patient-physician relationships, increased job satisfaction on the part of family physicians, and an overall increase in income for the physicians working in the system. Read more
The health care manager

Adnan Kisa

The role of public relations activities in hospital choice. (2007)

Public relations activities for all organizations can have an important effect on consumer decision-making when buying goods or services. This study examines the effect that public relations activitie...s can have regarding consumer decisions and choice. To explore exemplify this relationship a questionnaire was given to 971 patients within public, university and private hospitals in Ankara, Turkey. Study results show that public relations activities were a crucial factor in determining consumer hospital choice. The majority of respondents reported that the behaviors and attitude of personnel as public relations activities that support the hospitals reputation within the public were the primary variables in hospital choice. Health care managers can use these findings to further understand how patients make informed choices related to usage of a health care facility and to develop and/or improve public relations activities. Read more
Health marketing quarterly

Adnan Kisa

Sex workers and the issues surrounding registration in Turkey. (2003)

Awareness of the activities of commercial sex workers can be an important step toward understanding the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in developing countries. This study discu...sses how sex workers are viewed in Turkey and the process of mandatory registration. To support the information provided and the conclusions drawn, a sample of 150 sex workers who made regular visits to a STI hospital was interviewed. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, family and support information and certain risk behaviors were solicited. Recommendations for increasing preventive education are made, with considerations for increased attention and support for this group of individuals. Read more
Journal of health & social policy

Fertility Biocenter

Resveratrol diminishes platelet aggregation and increases susceptibility of K562 tumor cells to natural killer cells. (2013)

Platelet aggregation around migrating cancer cells protects them against the activity of natural killer cells (NKCs). The inability of immune system to response results in the progression of malignant... diseases. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of resveratrol (3, 4, 5-trihydroxystilbene) on platelet aggregation and NKCs activity. Experiments were designed to evaluate the platelet aggregation, production of thromboxane B2 (TXB2), estimation of expression of the platelet receptor GpIIb/IIIa (major biological markers for platelet aggregation) and functional activity of the NKCs against the K562 cancer cell line after incubation with various concentrations of reveratrol. Resveratrol at a concentration of 3 x 10(-3)M completely inhibited platelet aggregation (p < 0.05), decreased TXB2 levels (p < 0.05) and inhibited the expression of receptor GpIIb/IIIa in non-stimulated platelets (p < 0.05). At the same concentration, it increased the NKCs cytotoxic activity at an average rate of 319 +/- 34, 450 +/- 34 and 62 +/- 2.4% (p < 0.05) in the NKC/targets cells ratios of 12.5:1, 25:1 and 50:1, respectively. Thus, resveratrol not only completely inhibited platelet aggregation and reduced TXB2 levels and expression of receptor GpIIb/IIIa, but also increased the cytotoxic activity of NKCs in vitro and thus increased the susceptibility of tumor cells to NKCs. Thus, resveratrol can be used as an additional supplement to modulate the immune system and to inhibit platelet aggregation in thromboembolic episodes. Further clinical investigation in vivo could lead to specific concentrations that may maximize the beneficial effect of resveratrol. Read more
Indian journal of biochemistry & biophysics

amir mirzadi gohari

Effector discovery in the fungal wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici. (2015)

Fungal plant pathogens, such as Zymoseptoria tritici (formerly known as Mycosphaerella graminicola), secrete repertoires of effectors to facilitate infection or trigger host defence mechanisms. The di...scovery and functional characterization of effectors provides valuable knowledge that can contribute to the design of new and effective disease management strategies. Here, we combined bioinformatics approaches with expression profiling during pathogenesis to identify candidate effectors of Z. tritici. In addition, a genetic approach was conducted to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) carrying putative effectors, enabling the validation of both complementary strategies for effector discovery. In planta expression profiling revealed that candidate effectors were up-regulated in successive waves corresponding to consecutive stages of pathogenesis, contrary to candidates identified by QTL mapping that were, overall, expressed at low levels. Functional analyses of two top candidate effectors (SSP15 and SSP18) showed their dispensability for Z. tritici pathogenesis. These analyses reveal that generally adopted criteria, such as protein size, cysteine residues and expression during pathogenesis, may preclude an unbiased effector discovery. Indeed, genetic mapping of genomic regions involved in specificity render alternative effector candidates that do not match the aforementioned criteria, but should nevertheless be considered as promising new leads for effectors that are crucial for the Z. tritici-wheat pathosystem. Read more
Molecular plant pathology

Hossein Rahmani

Allosteric properties of Geobacillus maltogenic amylase. (2017)

Maltogenic amylases (MAases, EC have been gotten much attention due to their various applications in industry and commercial processes. MAases belong to subfamily 20 of glycoside hydrolase 13 (NPase or CDases subfamily) and they have important differences with other members of the family. This enzyme consists of two subunits which form two active sites in the dimer form by binding of the central domain of each subunit to the N domain of the next one (domain-swapping dimeric structure). Allosterism is a possible way of regulating enzymatic activity and no evidence has been found regarding to the cooperativity and correlation between MAases subunits, therefore in this study the allosteric behavior of MAases from a native strain (Geobacillus sp. Gh6) was investigated. Unlike other members of α-amylase family, MAases showed positive cooperativity between their subunits and the enzyme exhibited sigmoidal nature towards all three cyclodextrin (CD) substrates with a Hill constant (nH) value equal to 2, 1.6 and 1.1 for α-CD, β-CD and γ-CD, respectively. On further analysis, the effect of glucose and maltose as MAases allosteric effectors in the presence of β-CD substrate showed that these two effectors had a biphasic effect; while they stimulated the enzyme activity at low concentrations (with a decrease in Hill constant), these metabolites acted as allosteric inhibitors at higher concentrations. Due to the key role of MAases in carbohydrate metabolization, an efficient regulating system for this enzyme is required. In this experiment, for the first time the allosteric properties of MAases were observed and investigated. Read more
Enzyme and microbial technology

MJ Rasaee

Production and characterization of recombinant scFv against digoxin by phage display technology. (2013)

The cardiac glycoside digoxin is widely used for the treatment of congestive heart failure and cardiac arrhythmias. Digoxin is a highly toxic drug and consequently is routinely measured in sera of tre...ated patients. In such cases, antibodies are required against digoxin for detection as well as detoxification purposes. To obtain recombinant single chain antibody against digoxin, RNA was extracted from spleen of BALB/c mice immunized with digoxin-BSA and converted to cDNA. The gene fragment corresponding to the variable regions of the repertoire of antibody genes were amplified by PCR. ScFv construct was generated by randomly joining individual heavy- and light-chain variable domains through gene splicing by overlapping extension PCR. Recombinant phage library expressing scFv polypeptides were produced. Phages with higher affinity toward digoxin were selected in the biopanning process. Sensitivity of produced recombinant MAb (AR85) was determined to be about 100 pg/well, while intact MAb (BBA) produced by hybridoma technology (data not shown) was reported to be around 100 pg/well too. The saturation value for recombinant scFv MAb was found to be 1000 ng/well while that for hybridoma MAb was reported to be 10 ng/well. The affinity constant of recombinant MAb (AR85) towards digoxin was also found to be around ka=3.8×10(7) M(-1) while that for hybridoma MAb (BBA) was reported to be ka=2.6×10(8) M(-1). Read more
Monoclonal antibodies in immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy

Reza Salman Yazdi

Urine macrophage migration inhibitory factor in pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus. (2007)

We reported a series of ten patients with lupus nephritis (five patients in the relapse phase and five in the remission phase) and measured the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), an importa...nt pro-inflammatory cytokine with probable role in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory diseases, in their urine samples. MIF/creatinine (Cr) ratio directly correlated with disease activity and it does not have any significant difference between inactive disease and normal ones. We found that the urine MIF/Cr ratio not only differentiates active disease from inactive disease and normal ones but also correlates with the activity indices of renal pathology. Read more
Clinical rheumatology

jalil Zorriehzahra

Isolation and confirmation of viral nervous necrosis (VNN) disease in golden grey mullet (Liza aurata) and leaping mullet (Liza saliens) in the Iranian waters of the Caspian Sea. (2016)

The present study was conducted on 428 moribund mullet fish samples to isolate and identify the causative agent of a mysterious acute mortality which recently occurred in wild mullets in Iranian water...s of Caspian Sea, suspected to be due to viral nervous necrosis (VNN) disease. Disease investigation was carried out employing various diagnostic procedures such as virology, bacteriology, parasitology, haematology, histopathology, IFAT, IHC and nested RT-PCR. Brain and eye samples of affected fishes were collected in sterile conditions and then kept at -80°C for cell culture isolation and nested RT-PCR detection of the causative agent. Other tissue samples were also collected and fixed for histopathology, IHC and EM examinations. CPE was observed in cell cultures at 6days after inoculation. Nine samples were found positive with virological assay. Nested RT-PCR, performed on suspected tissues and CPE positive samples, showed that about 21 tissue samples and all the CPE positive samples were positive for VNN virus (VNNV). IFAT was selected as a confirmatory method for detecting the presence of Betanodavirus antigen, cell culture isolation results and nested RT-PCR findings. Moreover, VNNV particles with 25-30nm in diameter were also visualized in the infected brain and retina. In pathogenicity studies, guppy fishes bathed in VNNV-infected tissue culture (10(-4) TCID50) showed clinical signs similar to naturally infected mullet after 15days post infection (dpi), with mortality rates reaching up to 100% at 30dpi. Affected organ samples as examined by cell culture isolation, IFAT, IHC and histopathology, revealed the presence of VNNV in the guppy fishes. In conclusion, it was confirmed that VNNV was the main causative agent for the disease outbreak in mullet fish in the Caspian Sea, and this is such first official report of VNN disease from Iran. Read more
Veterinary microbiology

Fertility Biocenter

Stimulation of natural killer cells by homoeopathic complexes: an in vitro and in vivo pilot study in advanced cancer patients. (2013)

The present study was designed in order to evaluate the effects of five homoeopathic complex preparations on functional activity natural killer cells (NKCs) in advanced cancer patients. We examined th...e effects of Coenzyme Compositum®, Ubichinon Compositum®, Glyoxal Compositum®, Katalysatoren® and Traumeel® on the functional activity of NKCs. Experimental procedures included in vitro and in vivo trials. The in vitro trials were performed in NKCs isolated from 12 healthy volunteers (aged 44 ± 4 years) and incubated with the five homoeopathic complex preparations. The in vivo trials were performed in 15 advanced cancer patients (aged 55 ± 12 years) supplemented for 3 months with the homoeopathic preparations. All five homoeopathic preparations significantly increased the cytotoxic activity of the NKCs at the lowest NKCs/target cell ratio 12:1 (p < 0·05). The order of activity was: Ubichinon Compositum® > Glyoxal Compositum® > Katalysatoren® > Traumeel® > Coenzyme Compositum®. In the advanced cancer patients, the homoeopathic preparation significantly increased NKCs cytotoxic activity (p < 0·05). The homoeopathic complex preparations tested in this study can be used as an adjuvant immunotherapy in advanced cancer patients. Read more
Cell biochemistry and function