Role of preprint servers in biology

Publishing an article in science could be frustrating and time consuming. There are many problems in the way of publication, but if we want to address an important one we should say that in some cases it would take several months after submission to get a response from journal. Despite all of the possible difficulties, publishing an article by a peer-reviewed journal is the routine way. However, some scientific societies have gone beyond this concept: ...
The arXiv (pronounced "archive") is an online repository and self-archived of articles in an electronic preprints format (known as e-prints), covering a wide spectrum of scientific majors such as mathematics, physics, astronomy, computer science, quantitative biology, statistics and quantitative finance. Basically, authors can upload their papers to this online database, before sending them to jounals. Then, the submitted article will be subjected by great attention and discussion by profession people, determining publicly which papers are good and important.
The arXiv was constructed on August 14, 1991 and by the end of 2016 it had saved and provide open access to about 1,200,000 articles. The average submission rate of articles is reported more than 9,400 per month, by the end of 2016. To submit a paper on arXiv, it should meet the Cornell University academic standards. Although the arXiv is not peer reviewed, a collection of moderators for each area review the submissions; they may recategorize any that are deemed off-topic, or reject submissions that are not scientific papers. Although the majority of the e-prints are also submitted to journals for publication, but some work, including some very influential papers, remain purely as e-prints and are never published in a peer-reviewed journal. arXiv is owned and operated by Cornell University, a private not-for-profit educational institution.
There’s the biology-focused bioRxiv, ChemRxiv for chemistry, psyArXiv for psychology, AgriXiv for agricultural sciences and paleorXiv for palaeontology. Now, the ASAPbio (Accelerating Science and Publication in Biology) is going to construct a central preprint site for all life-sciences which is supported by National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Wellcome Trust and several other leading funders.
Like it or not, preprint servers are going to play a pivotal role in publication and affect its conception fundamentally. Following are the most importasnt reasons by different users to post to the arXiv and similar preprint servers:
1- To disseminate your paper without waiting for the peer review and publishing process.
2- To make the paper permanently available to readers who don't have a subscription to the journal where the paper is published.
3- In some cases, to disseminate and solicit comments on a paper that may not quite be ready for publication, while at the same time establishing priority.
4- if the work was accepted at the target venue, good for you, but if it wasn't, you still can refer to the work, while improving it and submitting next time/elsewhere/etc.

Wednesday 15 February 2017