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Ammar Mohseni 's Owned Publications
  • QM/MM simulations provide insight into the mechanism of bioluminescence triggering in ctenophore photoproteins. (2017) Photoproteins are responsible for light emission in a variety of marine ctenophores and coelenterates. The mechanism of light emission in both families occurs via the same reaction. However, the arran...gement of amino acid residues surrounding the chromophore, and the catalytic mechanism of light emission is unknown for the ctenophore photoproteins. In this study, we used quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) and site-directed mutagenesis studies to investigate the details of the catalytic mechanism in berovin, a member of the ctenophore family. In the absence of a crystal structure of the berovin-substrate complex, molecular docking was used to determine the binding mode of the protonated (2-hydroperoxy) and deprotonated (2-peroxy anion) forms of the substrate to berovin. A total of 13 mutants predicted to surround the binding site were targeted by site-directed mutagenesis which revealed their relative importance in substrate binding and catalysis. Molecular dynamics simulations and MM-PBSA (Molecular Mechanics Poisson-Boltzmann/surface area) calculations showed that electrostatic and polar solvation energy are +115.65 and -100.42 kcal/mol in the deprotonated form, respectively. QM/MM calculations and pKa analysis revealed the deprotonated form of substrate is unstable due to the generation of a dioxetane intermediate caused by nucleophilic attack of the substrate peroxy anion at its C3 position. This work also revealed that a hydrogen bonding network formed by a D158- R41-Y204 triad could be responsible for shuttling the proton from the 2- hydroperoxy group of the substrate to bulk solvent.Show more Molakarimi M,Mohseni A,Taghdir M,Pashandi Z,Gorman MA,Parker MW,Naderi-Manesh H,Sajedi RH PloS one
  • Photoinactivation related dynamics of ctenophore photoproteins: Insights from molecular dynamics simulation under electric-field. (2017) Photoinactivation is a common phenomenon in bioluminescence ctenophore photoproteins (e.g mnemiopsin, berovin and BfosPP) with still unknown mechanism. The activity of coelenterate photoproteins (e.g ...aequorin), which has high structural similarity with ctenophore photoproteins, is not affected by light. Recently, we have characterized the effects of light on ctenophore photoprotein mnemiopsin, in different conformations, which has demonstrated light induced structural changes, uniquely secondary structures, of both apo and holo mnemiopsin. This paper is further expansion of our previous work, by applying molecular dynamics simulations to investigate photoinactivation related dynamics of berovin at atomistic level, in comparison with aequorin, under the influence of electric component of electromagnetic field. The results have indicated that the intense electric filed could influence structure of both berovin and aequorin but in different manner, whereas moderate electric field only effects on berovins structure remarkably. In this case, increased helicity of residues E180-M193 and decreased helical contents of L38-D46 and L125-D138 segments are considerable in berovin as well as flexibility elevation of calcium binding loops. These changes cause structural expansion of berovin, especially at N-terminal domain, in direction of electric field. In conclusion, the induced structural changes of mentioned helical parts together with elevated fluctuation of their adjacent segments, N26-D46 and M193-Y206, indicate the influence of light on substrate stabilizing residues, Arg41 and Y204. This condition could presumably leads to inactivation of bioluminescence reaction due to separation of substrate from the cavity of the protein.Show more Pashandi Z,Molakarimi M,Mohseni A,Sajedi RH,Taghdir M,Naderi-Manesh H Biochemical and biophysical research communications
  • Evolutionary conservation of EF-hand ΙΙ loop in aequorin: Priority of intensity to decay rate in bioluminescence emission. (2017) As a Ca(2+)-regulated photoprotein, aequorin (Aeq) contains four EF-hand motifs, the second one lacks the standard sequence for Ca(2+) coordination and doesnt bind to Ca(2+). Here, we replaced this lo...op with a functional loop. According to structural studies, although the global stability of modified aequorin (4EFAeq) is higher than that of Aeq; increasing the local flexibility accompanied by internal structural rearrangements in 4EFAeq result in its penetrability to urea and acrylamide. A fast decay rate was observed for 4EFAeq. Assuming the presence of intermediate states in the luminescent reaction, this observation indicate that the loop replacement leads to the lowering of the half-life of intermediate states which results in increasing the rate of conformational switching of 4EFAeq to light emitting form. However, considerable reduction in initial luminescence intensity of 4EFAeq suggests that the number of functional complexes is reduced. Our findings demonstrate that the conformational effects of the second loop in Aeq elicit a delicate balance between local flexibility and global stability which may be considered as an important functional parameter in photoproteins. It was also concluded that evolutionary conservation of EF-hand ΙΙ in the current form is a consequence of priority of intensity to decay rate in bioluminescent organisms.Show more Ebrahimi M,Mohseni A,Khalifeh K,Ranjbar B,Sajedi RH Archives of biochemistry and biophysics